Grand Duchy of Moscow

country which existed in 1263–1547

The Grand Duchy of Moscow,[2][3] Muscovite Russia,[4] Muscovite Rus'[5] or Grand Principality of Moscow[6][7] (Russian: Великое княжество Московское, romanized: Velikoye knyazhestvo Moskovskoye; or Muscovy in English from the Latin Moscovia)[8] was a principality in Rus'. It was in the late Middle Ages in Moscow. It was before Tsardom of Russia which was made in the early modern period. It was ruled by the Rurik dynasty.

Grand Principality of Moscow
Великое княжество Московское
Velikoye knyazhestvo Moskovskoye
Flag of Muscovy
Banner of Dmitry Donskoy
(colored according to medieval chronicles)
Territorial development between 1300 and 1547
Territorial development
between 1300 and 1547
  • Vassal state of the Golden Horde
  • Sovereign state
Common languagesOld East Slavic
Russian Orthodox (official)
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Grand Duke 
• 1263–1303
Daniel (first)
• 1533–1547
Ivan the Terrible (last)
• Established
16 January 1547
1505[1]2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi)
Currencyruble, denga
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Yaroslavl
Principality of Nizhny Novgorod-Suzdal
Novgorod Republic
Grand Duchy of Tver
Great Perm
Tsardom of Russia


  1. Taagepera, Rein (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia" (PDF). International Studies Quarterly. 41 (3): 498. doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053. JSTOR 2600793. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-07-07. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  2. A Short History of the USSR. Progress Publishers. 1965.
  3. Florinsky, Michael T. (1965). Russia: a History and an Interpretation.
  4. Dewey, Horace W. (1987). "Political Poruka in Muscovite Rus'". The Russian Review. 46 (2): 117–133. doi:10.2307/130622. ISSN 0036-0341. JSTOR 130622.
  5. Isham, Heyward; Pipes, Richard (2016-09-16). Remaking Russia: Voices from within: Voices from within. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-315-48307-8.
  6. "Moscow, Grand Principality of". Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago. 2012.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  7. Perrie, Maureen, ed. (2006). The Cambridge History of Russia. Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press. p. 751. ISBN 978-0-521-81227-6.
  8. Introduction into the Latin epigraphy (Введение в латинскую эпиграфику) Archived 2021-03-10 at the Wayback Machine.