Guinea-Bissau is a country in Africa. It borders Senegal to the north, Guinea to the south. The official language is Portuguese, and the capital is Bissau. About 1,442,000 people live in Guinea-Bissau as of 2006. The country was a Portuguese colony in the 19th century. At that time is was called Portuguese Guinea. It became independent in 1973. In 1974, the name of the country's capital was added so that it would not be confused with the neighboring country Guinea.
Republic of Guinea-Bissau
República da Guiné-Bissau (in Portuguese)
Motto: Portuguese: "Unidade, Luta, Progresso"
"Unity, Struggle, Progress"
and largest city
|Recognised national languages||Guinea-Bissau Creole|
|Other national languages|
|Ethnic groups||African 99% (includes Balanta 30%|
European and mulatto less than 1%
|Umaro Sissoco Embaló|
|Nuno Gomes Nabiam|
|Legislature||National People's Assembly|
|24 September 1973|
|10 September 1974|
|36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi) (136th)|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
• 2002 census
|44.1/km2 (114.2/sq mi) (154th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
low · 164th
|Currency||West African CFA franc (XOF)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (GMT)|
Regions and sectorsEdit
Guinea-Bissau is divided into 8 regions and one autonomous sector. These are divided into thirty-seven sectors. The regions are:
* autonomous sector
- "Background Note: Guinea-Bissau". US Department of State. December, 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2010. Check date values in:
- Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Population Division (2009). "World Population Prospects, Table A.1" (PDF). 2008 revision. United Nations. Retrieved 12 March 2009. line feed character in
|author=at position 42 (help); Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) NB: The preliminary results of the National population census in Guinea-Bissau put the figure at 1,449,230, according to email information by the Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa, Bissau.
- "Guinea-Bissau". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Retrieved on 8 October 2007.
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