historical work composed by Japanese Buddhist priest Jien
In Gukanshō, Jien created a chronicle of the lives of the emperors. Jien wrote about political and military conflicts within the Imperial court. He wrote about disputes with others outside the court.
The text is composed of three major sections:
- Brownlee, John. (1991). Political thought in Japanese historical writing: from "Kojiki" (712) to "Tokushi Yoron" (1712). pp. 92-102.
- Brown, Delmer M. (1975). Gukanshō, pp. 402-403.
- Brownlee, p. 96.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Brownlee, John S. (1991). Political Thought in Japanese Historical Writing: From Kojiki (712) to Tokushi Yoron (1712). Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. ISBN 0-889-20997-9
- Okami, Masao and Toshihide Akamatsu. (1967). Gukanshō. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten Publishing. ISBN 4-0006-0086-9 (in Japanese)