Guru Nanak Dev

First Sikh Guru and founder of Sikhism

Sri Guru Nanak Dev ji or Baba Guru Nanak (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) was a Punjabi philosopher, Sufi sage, and a mystic. He is considered a Sufi saint by Punjabi and Sindhi Muslims in Pakistan and as the founder of Sikhism and the first Guru by Sikhs.[1][2] Guru Nanak Dev ji came from a Hindu Khatri landowning family, with his father known as Mehta Kalu and his mother as Mata Tripta.

Guru Nanak Dev
OfficeThe first Sikh gurus
Date of birth(1469-04-15)15 April 1469
Place of birthNankana Sahib (Punjab, Pakistan)
Date of death22 September 1539(1539-09-22) (aged 70)
Place of deathKartarpur (Punjab, Pakistan)
SuccessorGuru Angad Dev
Known forCreator of Sikhism
Guru Nanak Dev

Before his passing, Guru Nanak Dev ji declared that there would be no more Gurus, and Sikhs would follow the teachings in the Sikh holy book, called Guru Granth Sahib, where "Guru" means "teacher" in Sanskrit and Punjabi.[3] Guru Nanak had a close connection with Baba Farid, another Sufi saint, known to the Sikhs as Sant Fariduddin.[4]

Life change


Guru Nanak was born in Nankana Sahib, in Punjab. This is now part of Pakistan.

When Guru Nanak was a child he refused the upanayana (holy thread) to initiate him into the Hindu religion. Later in his life he married Mata Sulakhani with whom he had two sons. They were called Sri Chand and Lakshmi Das. According to the Sikh religion, one day he was bathing in the river and god took him up to heaven. His family members were very worried as they had thought he died. After three days he returned with the message of god. He gave up his job to spread the message on how to be a good person. Guru Nanak died in Kartarpur.

References change

  1. McLeod, W. H. (1968). "The Influence of Islām upon the Thought of Gurū Nānak". History of Religions. 7 (4): 302–316. ISSN 0018-2710.
  2. "Influence of Islam and Sufism on Sikhism". Influence of Islam and Sufism on Sikhism. Archived from the original on 20 March 2023. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  3. Duggal, Kartar Singh (1988). Philosophy and Faith of Sikhism. Himalayan Institute Press. pp. xxii. ISBN 0-89389-109-6.
  4. "The Salvation Story of Sheikh Farid by Almighty Kabir Allah - Jagat Guru Rampal Ji". Retrieved 2023-12-16.

Other websites change