Hanging is caused when a person is held by a rope around the neck. The Oxford English Dictionary says that hanging in this sense is "specifically to put to death by suspension by the neck". Hanging is often used as a form of execution or suicide.
- Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed. Hanging as method of execution is unknown, as method of suicide from 1325.
- Oxford English Dictionary (2015 update), OUP, Oxford, UK