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Harold Macmillan

former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986), was a Conservative statesman. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.

The Right Honourable

Harold Macmillan

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
11 January 1957 – 19 October 1963
DeputyRab Butler
Preceded bySir Anthony Eden
Succeeded bySir Alec Douglas-Home
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
20 December 1955 – 13 January 1957
Prime MinisterAnthony Eden
Preceded byRab Butler
Succeeded byPeter Thorneycroft
Personal details
Born(1894-02-10)10 February 1894
Belgravia, London, England
Died29 December 1986(1986-12-29) (aged 92)
Chelwood Gate, East Sussex, England
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Lady Dorothy Macmillian (1920-1966, her death)

Macmillan served in the Grenadier Guards during the First World War. After the war he joined his family publishing company, then entered Parliament at the 1924 general election. After losing his seat in 1929, he regained it in 1931.

During World War II, Churchill made Macmillan Minister Resident in the Mediterranean. This made him the go-between for Churchill and the British forces in North Africa and the Middle East. The Mediterranean was a major theatre of war, and Macmillan's work made his name as a serious politician.

Macmillan became Foreign Secretary and then Chancellor of the Exchequer under Churchill's successor Sir Anthony Eden. When Eden resigned in 1957 after the Suez Crisis, Macmillan succeeded him as Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party.[1]

Macmillan presided over a country becoming more affluent (rich), with low unemployment and high (but uneven) economic growth. In his Bedford speech of July 1957 he told the nation they had 'never had it so good'.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Horne, Alistair 2008. Macmillan: The Official Biography. (twentieth anniversary ed) London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-71083-2
  2. Sandbrook, Dominic 2005. Never Had It So Good. London: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-349-11530-6