The Right Honourable
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
11 January 1957 – 19 October 1963
|Preceded by||Sir Anthony Eden|
|Succeeded by||Sir Alec Douglas-Home|
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
20 December 1955 – 13 January 1957
|Prime Minister||Anthony Eden|
|Preceded by||Rab Butler|
|Succeeded by||Peter Thorneycroft|
|Born||10 February 1894|
Belgravia, London, England
|Died||29 December 1986 (aged 92)|
Chelwood Gate, East Sussex, England
|Spouse(s)||Lady Dorothy Macmillian (1920-1966, her death)|
Macmillan served in the Grenadier Guards during the First World War. After the war he joined his family publishing company, then entered Parliament at the 1924 general election. After losing his seat in 1929, he regained it in 1931.
During World War II, Churchill made Macmillan Minister Resident in the Mediterranean. This made him the go-between for Churchill and the British forces in North Africa and the Middle East. The Mediterranean was a major theatre of war, and Macmillan's work made his name as a serious politician.
Macmillan became Foreign Secretary and then Chancellor of the Exchequer under Churchill's successor Sir Anthony Eden. When Eden resigned in 1957 after the Suez Crisis, Macmillan succeeded him as Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party.
Macmillan presided over a country becoming more affluent (rich), with low unemployment and high (but uneven) economic growth. In his Bedford speech of July 1957 he told the nation they had 'never had it so good'.