Harold Macmillan

former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986), was a Conservative statesman. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.


The Earl of Stockton

Harold Macmillan in 1961.jpg
Harold Macmillan in 1961
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
10 January 1957 – 18 October 1963
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputyRab Butler (1962–63)
Preceded bySir Anthony Eden
Succeeded byThe Earl of Home
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
10 January 1957 – 18 October 1963
Preceded bySir Anthony Eden
Succeeded byThe Earl of Home
Personal details
Born
Maurice Harold Macmillan

(1894-02-10)10 February 1894
London, England
Died29 December 1986(1986-12-29) (aged 92)
East Sussex, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Lady Dorothy Cavendish
(m. 1920; died 1966)
Children4
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford
ProfessionPublishing
Civilian awards
Military service
Branch/service British Army
Years of service1914–1920
RankCaptain
Battles/wars
Military awards

Macmillan served in the Grenadier Guards during the First World War. After the war he joined his family publishing company, then entered Parliament at the 1924 general election. After losing his seat in 1929, he regained it in 1931.

During World War II, Churchill made Macmillan Minister Resident in the Mediterranean. This made him the go-between for Churchill and the British forces in North Africa and the Middle East. The Mediterranean was a major theatre of war, and Macmillan's work made his name as a serious politician.

Macmillan became Foreign Secretary and then Chancellor of the Exchequer under Churchill's successor Sir Anthony Eden. When Eden resigned in 1957 after the Suez Crisis, Macmillan succeeded him as Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party.[1]

Macmillan presided over a country becoming more affluent (rich), with low unemployment and high (but uneven) economic growth. In his Bedford speech of July 1957 he told the nation they had 'never had it so good'.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Horne, Alistair 2008. Macmillan: The Official Biography. (twentieth anniversary ed) London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-71083-2
  2. Sandbrook, Dominic 2005. Never Had It So Good. London: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-349-11530-6