|Prime Minister of Japan
17 October 1941 – 22 July 1944
|Minister of War
22 July 1940 – 22 July 1944
|Fumimaro Konoe (1940–1941)
|Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office
21 February 1944 – 18 July 1944
|December 30, 1884
Kōjimachi ward, Tokyo, Empire of Japan
|December 23, 1948 (aged 63)
Sugamo Prison, Tokyo, Occupied Japan
|Cause of death
|Execution by hanging
|Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)
|Independent (before 1940)
Katsuko Ito (m. 1909)
|3 sons, 4 daughters
|Empire of Japan
|Imperial Japanese Army
|Kwantung Army (1932–1934)
Hideki Tōjō was born on 30 December 1884 in Tokyo, Japan. He was the third son of a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army named Hidenori Tōjō. Tōjō had two older brothers but they died before he was born.
In 1909, he married a woman named Katsuko Ito and he had seven children with her: three sons and four daughters.
In the late 1930s, Hideki Tōjō fought in the Second Sino-Japanese War, leading Japanese forces in occupied Manchuria. He returned to Tokyo in 1940 and held ministerial posts, where he urged an alliance with Germany and Italy against the Allied forces. Tojo became Prime Minister in 1941 and within two months ordered a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. He followed it with a declaration of war against the United States, Britain, and the Netherlands.
After Japan surrendered, American troops went to arrest Tojo and surrounded his house. He shot himself four times in the chest, but missed and the bullets hit his stomach. Disarmed and with blood gushing out of his chest, Tojo began to talk. He said, "I am very sorry it is taking me so long to die. The Greater East Asia War was justified and righteous. I am very sorry for the nation and all the races of the Greater Asiatic powers. I wait for the righteous judgment of history. I wished to commit suicide but sometimes that fails."
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