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Hideki Tōjō

Prime Minister of Japan and Minister of War executed in 1948

Hideki Tōjō (30 December 1884 – 23 December 1948) was a leader of Japan during World War 2.

Hideki Tōjō nickname = Razor
Hideki Tojo.jpg
A portrait of Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan
(Leader of the Taisei Yokusankai)
In office
October 17, 1941 – July 22, 1944
Preceded byFumimaro Konoe
Succeeded byKuniaki Koiso
Minister of War
In office
22 July 1940 – 22 July 1944
Preceded byHata Shunroku
Succeeded byHajime Sugiyama
Personal details
Born(1884-12-30)December 30, 1884
Hamachi district of Tokyo, Empire of Japan
DiedDecember 23, 1948(1948-12-23) (aged 63)
Tokyo, occupied Japan
Cause of deathExecuted by hanging
CitizenshipJapanese
NationalityJapanese
Political partyImperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)
Spouse(s)Katsuko Ito
Occupationpolitician
AwardsGrand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd Class
Order of the Sacred Treasure
Signature
Military service
AllegianceEmpire of Japan
Years of service1905-1945
RankGeneral
Battles/warsFebruary 26 Incident
Second Sino-Japanese War
Operation Chahar
Japanese invasion of Manchuria
World War II
Attack on Pearl Harbor

Hideki Tōjō was born on 30 December 1884 in Tokyo, Japan where he was the third son of a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army named Hidenori Tōjō. Tōjō had two other brothers that were older than him but they all died before he was born.

In 1909, he married a woman named Katsuko Ito and he had seven children with her: three sons and four daughters.[1]

In the 1930s, Hideki Tōjō fought in the Sino-Japanese war, leading Japanese forces in occupied Manchuria. He returned to Tokyo in 1940 and held ministerial posts, where he urged an alliance with Germany and Italy against the Allied forces. Tojo became Prime Minister in 1941 and within two months ordered a surprise attack on U.S. naval forces in Hawaii. (The subsequent attack on Pearl Harbor was planned by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.)

After Japan surrendered, American troops went to arrest Tojo and surrounded his house. He shot himself 4 times in the chest, but missed and the bullets hit his stomach, disarmed and with blood gushing out of his chest, Tojo began to talk, his words were "I am very sorry it is taking me so long to die. The Greater East Asia War was justified and righteous. I am very sorry for the nation and all the races of the Greater Asiatic powers. I wait for the righteous judgment of history. I wished to commit suicide but sometimes that fails."[2]

After his injuries healed, the Allies found Tojo guilty of war crimes and hanged him in Tokyo on 23 December 1948.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Baudot, Marcel. The Historical encyclopedia of World War II. p. 455.
  2. Toland, John. The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945. p. 871–872.
  3. "Japanese war crimes trial begins". History. Retrieved 2013-12-22.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Hideki Tōjō at Wikimedia Commons