Indian Armed Forces

combined military forces of India

The Indian Armed Forces are the military of India. It is made up of an Army, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard. There are other parts like Paramilitary and Strategic Nuclear Command.

Indian Armed Forces
Service branchesIndian Army seal Indian Army
Indian Navy seal Indian Navy
Indian Air Force Seal Indian Air Force
HeadquartersMinistry of Defence, South Block, New Delhi
Leadership
Supreme CommanderIndia President Droupadi Murmu
Prime MinisterIndia Narendra Modi
Minister of DefenceIndia Rajnath Singh
Defence SecretaryIndia Ajay Kumar, IAS
Chief of Defence StaffFlag of Chief of Defence Staff (India).svg Vacant
Personnel
Military age18[1]
ConscriptionNo
Reaching military
age annually
23,116,044[2]
Active personnel1,455,550[3] (ranked 2nd)
Reserve personnel1,155,000[3]
(ranked 3rd)
Expenditures
Budget478,195 crore (US$63 billion) (2021–22)[4]
(ranked 3rd)
Percent of GDP2.4% (2019)[5]
Industry
Domestic suppliers
Foreign suppliers Russia[7]
 France[7]
 Israel[7]
 United Kingdom[8]
 United States[7]
 Italy
Annual importsUS$42.9 billion (2000–16)[9] (Ranked 4th)
Annual exportsUS$2.23 billion (2019–20)[10] (Ranked 19th)
Related articles
HistoryMilitary history of India
Presidency armies
British Indian Army
Royal Indian Navy
Indian National Army
Wars involving India
RanksArmy
Navy
Air Force

The President of India is its Commander-in-Chief. However, it is managed by the Ministry of Defence.

In 2010, the Indian Armed Forces had 1.32 million active personnel. This makes it one of the largest militaries in the world.[11]

Currently, the Indian Army is becoming more modern by buying and making new weapons. It is also building defences against missiles of other countries.[12] In 2011, India imported more weapons than any other nation in the world.[13]

From its independence in 1947, India fought four wars with Pakistan and one war with China.

Every year, 7 December is celebrated as Armed Forces Flag Day.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Categories of Entry". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  2. "Manpower Reaching Military Age Annually (2020)". Global Fire Power (GFP). Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2020). The Military Balance 2020. London, England: Routledge. pp. 269–275. ISBN 9780367466398.
  4. "Sitharaman allocates Rs 4.78 lakh crore to defence budget for 2021-22, 'highest in 15 years'". ANI News. 1 February 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  5. Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (27 April 2020). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2019". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  6. http://mod.nic.in/product&supp/welcome.html Archived 4 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "India / Aircraft / Jianjiji / Fighter". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  8. "Czech Tatra becoming into Indian Armed Forces". MAFRA a.s. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  9. "Arms Transfers Database". SIPRI. Archived from the original on 14 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
  10. "India's annual defence exports to touch Rs 35,000 crore by 2024: Rajnath Singh". The Economic Times. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  11. IISS 2010, pp. 358
  12. Rabinowitz, Gavin; Press, Associated (18 June 2008). "India's army seeks military space program". SFGate.
  13. http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/html/export_values.php