Iraqi Kurdistan

Kurdish autonomous Region in northern Iraq

Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan is the part of Kurdistan which is in Iraq. The Kurdistan Region is a fully autonomous region in the north of Iraq. Its capital is Erbil, called Hewlêr in Kurdish.

Kurdistan Region

Herêma Kurdistanê  (Kurdish)
هه‌رێمی کوردستان  (Kurdish)
إقليم كردستان  (Arabic)
Anthem: Ey Reqîb
"Oh Enemy"
Iraqi Kurdistan in Iraq (de-facto and disputed hatched).svg
  •   Kurdistan Region
  •   Disputed incorporated territory
  •   Other claimed and controlled territory
  •   Other claimed territory
  •   Rest of Iraq
Location of Iraqi Kurdistan
StatusAutonomous region
and largest city
Erbil (Hewlêr)
36°11′N 44°00′E / 36.183°N 44.000°E / 36.183; 44.000
Official languagesKurdish (Sorani)
Recognized languagesAssyrian Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Armenian, Turkish[2][3]
Islam (Sunni and Shia), Christianity, Yazdânism, Zoroastrianism[4]
GovernmentParliamentary democracy
• President
Nechirvan Barzani
• Accord signed
March 11, 1970
• De facto autonomy
October 1991
• Regional government established
July 4, 1992
January 30, 2005
• Total
46,861 km2 (18,093 sq mi)
• 2017 estimate
5,754,770 [5][a]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$23.6 billion[6]
• Per capita
$7,700 [6]
HDI (2014)0.750[7]
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneUTC+3 (GMT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code+964
  1. ^ Only the population of the official territory consisting of the Iraqi governorates of Duhok, Erbil, Sulaymaniya and Halabja

The area is 80,000 km² and 5,500,000 people live there.

Iraqi Kurdistan is to the west of Iranian Kurdistan. To Iraqi Kurdistan's west is Syrian Kurdistan, and to the north is Turkish Kurdistan.


The numbers show Iraqi Kurdistan

Iraqi Kurdistan is a mountain region, where the highest point is 3.611 meters, known as Cheekha Dar. The biggest lake is Dukan.

Iraqi Kurdistan is divided into 6 provinces.

  • Three of the provinces that are under control of Iraqi Kurdistan are:

1.As Sulaymaniyah (Silemanî)

2.Arbil (Hewlêr)

3.Dahuk (Duhok)

  • The provinces that are a part of Iraqi Kurdistan are:





The population in Iraqi Kurdistan is about 5-6 million. Most of these people are Sunni Muslims. There are also many Yazidis, Kakeyís and Christians. Kurds make the ethnic majority in the region while the Turkmen, Aramean, Assyrians, Armenians and Arabs make up the rest of the western part of the area.


  1. Kurdistan Regional Government: The Kurdish language Archived 2010-12-02 at the Wayback Machine, 27 June 2010, Retrieved 21 July 2017
  2. "Armenian recognized official language in Iraqi Kurdistan".
  3. "The Kurdish language". Archived from the original on 2018-11-17. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. "Religions in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region of Iraq". Kurdistan regional government. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-07-23. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. "KRSO". Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Investment Factsheet Kurdistan Region – Iraq" (PDF). Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  7. "Iraq Human Development Report 2014" (PDF). Iraq. 2014. p. 29.