Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

region administered by India as a union territory

Jammu and Kashmir is the northern union territory of India. The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir is separated by the Line of Control from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north respectively. It shares border with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and to the west of Ladakh.

Jammu and Kashmir
The State of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
A map of Jammu and Kashmir
Administering CountryIndia
Union territory31 October 2019
CapitalSrinagar (May–October)
Jammu (Nov–April)[1]
 • BodyGovernment of Jammu and Kashmir
 • Lieutenant GovernorGirish Chandra Murmu
 • Chief MinisterVacant
 • LegislatureUnicameral (114 seats)[2]
 • Parliamentary constituencyRajya Sabha (4)
Lok Sabha (5)
 • High CourtJammu and Kashmir High Court
 • Total42,241 km2 (16,309 sq mi)
Highest elevation7,135 m (23,409 ft)
Lowest elevation247 m (810 ft)
 • Total12,258,433
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-JK
Vehicle registrationJK
Official languagePunjabi, Kashmiri[4] Cite error: A <ref> tag is missing the closing </ref> (see the help page). and Burushaski[5]
Hindi, Urdu,[6][7]

Under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, which was passed by both houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019, Jammu and Kashmir (state) was divided in two union territories namely Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.


  1. Desk, The Hindu Net (8 May 2017). "What is the Darbar Move in J&K all about?". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 November 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  2. "Jammu and Kashmir transitions from a state into 2 federal units". 31 October 2019.
  3. "Saser Kangri – AAC Publications – Search The American Alpine Journal and Accidents". Publications.americanalpineclub.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  4. Khan, N. (2012-08-06). The Parchment of Kashmir: History, Society, and Polity. Springer. p. 184. ISBN 9781137029584. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  5. Pakistan's "Burushaski" Language Finds New Relatives. Retrieved 6 August 2019. {{cite encyclopedia}}: |website= ignored (help)
  6. "Department of Tourism, Jammu and Kashmir". Archived from the original on 2020-02-24. Retrieved 2020-02-19.
  7. https://sg.inflibnet.ac.in/jspui/bitstream/10603/90065/8/08_chapter2.pdf