Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)
Jammu and Kashmir is the northern union territory of India. The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir is separated by the Line of Control from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north respectively. It shares border with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and to the west of Ladakh.
Jammu and Kashmir
|Union territory||31 October 2019|
|• Body||Government of Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Girish Chandra Murmu|
|• Chief Minister||Vacant|
|• Legislature||Unicameral (114 seats)|
|• Parliamentary constituency||Rajya Sabha (4) |
Lok Sabha (5)
|• High Court||Jammu and Kashmir High Court|
|• Total||42,241 km2 (16,309 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||7,135 m (23,409 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||247 m (810 ft)|
|• Density||290/km2 (750/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-JK|
|Languages||Kashmiri, Dogri, Punjabi, Pahari, Gojri, Bhadarwahi, Bateri, Shina, and Burushaski|
Hindi, Urdu, English (administrative)
Under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, which was passed by both houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019, Jammu and Kashmir (state) was divided in two union territories namely Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
- Desk, The Hindu Net (8 May 2017). "What is the Darbar Move in J&K all about?". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 November 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- "Jammu and Kashmir transitions from a state into 2 federal units". 31 October 2019.
- "Saser Kangri – AAC Publications – Search The American Alpine Journal and Accidents". Publications.americanalpineclub.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
- Khan, N. (6 August 2012). The Parchment of Kashmir: History, Society, and Polity. Springer. p. 184. ISBN 9781137029584. Archived from the original on 23 February 2019. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- "Bhadrawahi". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
- Crane, Robert I. (1956). Area Handbook on Jammu and Kashmir State. University of Chicago for the Human Relations Area Files. p. 179.
Shina is the most eastern of these languages and in some of its dialects such as the Brokpa of Dah and Hanu and the dialect of Dras, it impinges upon the area of the Sino-Tibetan language family and has been affected by Tibetan with an overlay of words and idioms.
- "Pakistan's "Burushaski" Language Finds New Relatives". Npr.org. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
- "Department of Tourism, Jammu and Kashmir". Archived from the original on 2020-02-24. Retrieved 2020-02-19.