Jean-Marie Le Pen

French politician

Jean-Marie Le Pen (born June 20, 1928) is a French politician. He was born in La Trinitié-sur-Mer, Brittany, France.[1] He was the leader of the French National Front (FN) from 1972 until 2011, which is a far-right political party in France. He stands for immigration restrictions, the death penalty, raising incentives for homemakers, and is against the EU. He is strongly against same-sex marriage, euthanasia and abortion.

Jean-Marie Le Pen in 2007

Le Pen served in the French Army from 1953 to 1957.

Jean-Marie Le Pen founded the FN in 1972 and has been its leader ever since. He became a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) in 1984 and has run for President of France five times; in 1974, 1988, 1995, 2002 and 2007. He came second in the 2002 election. Le Pen has often been considered to have xenophobic and antisemitic views and was accused of having practised torture when he fought in the Algerian War (1954-1962).[source?] He was suspended from the FN on 4 May 2015. In April 2024, Jean Marie Le Pen was placed “under legal protection” at the request of his family.[2]

The youngest of his three daughters is FN leader Marine Le Pen. His granddaughter is FN MP Marion Maréchal-Le Pen.


  1. "Jean-Marie Le Pen Biography". Archived from the original on 24 November 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  2. "Jean-Marie Le Pen, placé "sous régime de protection juridique", annonce le vice-président du RN". France Bleu (in French). 2024-04-03. Retrieved 2024-04-03.