Open main menu

John C. Calhoun

7th Vice President of the United States

John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was the Vice President of the United States for John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. Calhoun was Vice President under two different presidents. George Clinton is the only other Vice President to serve under two presidents. Calhoun's father was an Irish immigrant.

John C. Calhoun
John C Calhoun by Mathew Brady, March 1849-crop.jpg
7th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1825 – December 28, 1832
PresidentJohn Quincy Adams (1825–1829)
Andrew Jackson (1829–1832)
Preceded byDaniel D. Tompkins
Succeeded byMartin Van Buren
United States Senator
from South Carolina
In office
November 26, 1845 – March 31, 1850
Preceded byDaniel Elliott Huger
Succeeded byFranklin H. Elmore
In office
December 29, 1832 – March 3, 1843
Preceded byRobert Y. Hayne
Succeeded byDaniel Elliott Huger
16th United States Secretary of State
In office
April 1, 1844 – March 10, 1845
PresidentJohn Tyler
James K. Polk
Preceded byAbel P. Upshur
Succeeded byJames Buchanan
10th United States Secretary of War
In office
December 8, 1817 – March 4, 1825
PresidentJames Monroe
Preceded byGeorge Graham (Acting)
William H. Crawford
Succeeded byJames Barbour
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1811 – November 3, 1817
Preceded byJoseph Calhoun
Succeeded byEldred Simkins
Personal details
Born
John Caldwell Calhoun

(1782-03-18)March 18, 1782
Abbeville, South Carolina, U.S.
DiedMarch 31, 1850(1850-03-31) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Resting placeSt. Philip's Church
Political partyDemocratic-Republican (Before 1828)
Nullifier (1828–1839)
Democratic (1839–1850)
Spouse(s)
Floride Bonneau (m. 1811)
Children10, including Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson
ParentsPatrick Calhoun
Martha Caldwell
EducationYale University
Litchfield Law School
SignatureAppletons' Calhoun John Caldwell signature.jpg

Calhoun is probably best remembered for his strong belief in nullification, which said any US state had the right to reject a federal law if it was unconstitutional. Jackson hated nullification and this disagreement started the feud between him and President Andrew Jackson. Calhoun was the first vice president in U.S. history to resign from office, doing so on December 28, 1832.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Calhoun resigns vice presidency". History (U.S. TV channel). Retrieved 26 December 2011.