John C. Frémont

American politician, explorer and military officer (1813–1890)

John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890) was an American military officer, and explorer. He was the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States in 1856.

John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont, 1852 portrait, by William S. Jewett
5th Territorial Governor of Arizona
In office
October 6, 1878 – October 11, 1881
Appointed byRutherford B. Hayes
Preceded byJohn Philo Hoyt
Succeeded byFrederick Augustus Tritle
United States Senator
from California
In office
September 9, 1850 – March 3, 1851
Preceded byNone (Statehood)
Succeeded byJohn B. Weller
3rd Military Governor of California
In office
January 14, 1847 – March 1, 1847[1]
Appointed byJames K. Polk
Preceded byRobert F. Stockton
Succeeded byStephen W. Kearny
Personal details
John Charles Fremon

(1813-01-21)January 21, 1813
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
DiedJuly 13, 1890(1890-07-13) (aged 77)
New York City, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Jessie Benton
Alma materCollege of Charleston
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1838–1848
RankMajor General
CommandsCalifornia Battalion
Department of the West

Frémont was born on January 21, 1813 in Savannah, Georgia. He studied at the College of Charleston. Frémont was married to Jessie Benton from 1841 until his death in 1890. They had no children. Frémont died on July 13, 1890 in his home in New York City from peritonitis, aged 77.


  1. Guinn, J. M. (1902). "XXXIV. Some Political History.". History of the State of California and Biographical Record of Santa Cruz, San Benito, Monterey, and San Luis Obispo Counties. Chapman. pp. 234–235. Retrieved October 12, 2009. The following is a list of the governors of California, Spanish, Mexican and American, with date of appointment or election: {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)

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