Jura (department)

French department

Jura is a department in the east of France in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Jura mountains.

City hall of Lons-le-Saunier
City hall of Lons-le-Saunier.
Flag of Jura
Coat of arms of Jura
Location of Jura in France
Location of Jura in France
Coordinates: 46°40′31″N 5°33′16″E / 46.67528°N 5.55444°E / 46.67528; 5.55444
SubprefecturesDole, Saint-Claude
 • PresidentClément Pernot[1]
 • Total4,999.2 km2 (1,930.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Lowest elevation
200 m (700 ft)
 • Total260,681
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-39

The largest city in the department is Dole but its prefecture (capital) is the city of Lons-le-Saunier.

History change

Historically, Jura belonged to the Free County of Burgundy, known in French as the Franche-Comté. Dole was the capital until the region was conquered by Louis XIV. Louis XIV moved the capital to Besançon and Dole is now a sous-préfecture of Jura.

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the southern 2/3 of Jura spoke a dialect of Arpitan language. It continued to be spoken in rural areas into the 20th century.

Jura is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Free County. The department was created with six districts: Dole, Lons-le-Saunier, Orgelet, Poligny, Saint-Claude and Salins; the capital was Lons-le-Saunier alternating with Dole, Poligny and Salins but from 1794 only Lons-le-Saunier remained as the capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Lons-le-Saunier, Dole, Poligny and Saint-Claude. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Poligny was eliminated.[4]

Geography change

Jura is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 4,999.2 km2 (1,930 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 5 departments in two regions. The Swiss canton of Vaud is to the southeast.

The highest point in the department is Crêt Pela (46°24′50″N 6°1′19″E / 46.41389°N 6.02194°E / 46.41389; 6.02194 (Crêt Pela)), 1,495 m (4,905 ft) high; it is also the highest mountain of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.[5] The Crêt Pela mountain is in the Forêt du Massacre, Jura mountain range.

Many lakes can be found throughout the Jura department. The largest natural lake in the department is the Lac De Chalain. It is 3 km (1.9 mi) long and 1 km (0.6 mi) wide. Lac de Vouglans was formed after the building of a hydro-electric dam; it is one of the largest man-made lakes in France.

The Ain river starts in the Jura department but it is the main river of the Ain department. The Doubs also flows through a part of the department. Many tributaries of both rivers flow, partially or completely, in the Jura department.

Climate change

The climate of the Jura varies greatly by elevation. The lower valleys are temperate and pleasant, but the high mountain valleys have bitterly cold winters.

Administration change

Jura is managed by the Departmental Council of Jura in Lons-le-Saunier. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions change

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 509 communes (municipalities) in Jura.[6]

Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
391 Dole Dole 83,701 1,171.2 71.5 191
392 Lons-le-Saunier Lons-le-Saunier 126,071 2,825.4 44.6 258
393 Saint-Claude Saint-Claude 50,909 1,002.6 50.8 60

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Jura department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[9]

Demographics change

Jura had a population, in 2014, of 260,681,[3] for a population density of 52.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier, with 126,071 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

Evolution of the population in Jura

The cities with more than inhabitants in the department are:[7]

City Population[7]
Dole 23,312 Dole
Lons-le-Saunier 17,311 Lons-le-Saunier
Saint-Claude 10,096 Saint-Claude
Champagnole 7,908 Lons-le-Saunier
Hauts de Bienne 5,457 Saint-Claude
Poligny 4,146 Lons-le-Saunier
Tavaux 3,957 Dole
Arbois 3,463 Lons-le-Saunier
Les Rousses 3,276 Saint-Claude
Montmorot 3,019 Lons-le-Saunier

Economy change

Jura is a wine-growing region. The Jura wines are very distinctive and unusual wines, such as vin jaune, which is made by a similar process to sherry. It develops under a flor of yeast. This is made from the local Savagnin grape variety. Other grape varieties include Poulsard, Trousseau, and Chardonnay.

Tourism change

The Jura mountains provide ample opportunities for hiking, skiing, mountain biking and other winter sports.

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Les élus et commissions" (in French). Le Conseil départemental du Jura. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Jura (39)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique du Jura". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  5. "Crêt Pela, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  6. "Département du Jura (39)". Géographie administrative et d'étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  8. "Département du Jura (39)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  9. "Décret n° 2014-165 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Jura" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2017.

Other websites change