Jyväskylä (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjyʋæsˌkylæ]; Latin: Granivicus) is a city and municipality in Finland in the western part of the Finnish Lakeland. It is located about 150 km north-east from Tampere, the third largest city in Finland; and about 270 km north from Helsinki, the capital of Finland. The Jyväskylä sub-region includes Jyväskylä, Hankasalmi, Laukaa, Muurame, Petäjävesi, Toivakka, and Uurainen. Other border municipalities of Jyväskylä are Joutsa, Jämsä and Luhanka.
City of Jyväskylä
|• City manager||Timo Koivisto|
|• City||1,466.35 km2 (566.16 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,170.99 km2 (452.12 sq mi)|
|• Water||295.35 km2 (114.04 sq mi)|
|• Urban||99.25 km2 (38.32 sq mi)|
|Area rank||61st largest in Finland|
|• Rank||7th largest in Finland|
|• Density||120.73/km2 (312.7/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,188.7/km2 (3,079/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||96.7% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||15.2%|
|• 15 to 64||66.2%|
|• 65 or older||18.6%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||20%|
Jyväskylä is the largest city in the region of Central Finland and in the Finnish Lakeland; as of 31 January 2019, Jyväskylä had a population of 141,374. The city has been one of the fastest-growing cities in Finland during the 20th century, when in 1940, there were only 8,000 inhabitants in Jyväskylä.
Elias Lönnrot, the compiler of the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala, gave the city the nickname "Athens of Finland". This nickname refers to the major role of Jyväskylä as an educational centre. The works of the most famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto can be seen throughout the city. The city hosts the Neste Oil Rally Finland, which is part of the World Rally Championship. It is also home of the annual Jyväskylä Arts Festival.
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- "Suomiräpin pääkaupungissa kuplii pinnan alla – ainakin nämä tulokkaat kannattaa painaa mieleen". Klangi (in Finnish). 2019-09-02. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
- "16 reasons why Jyväskylä is the Capital of Sport in Finland". Archived from the original on 2021-04-30. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
- Timo Koivistosta Jyväskylän uusi kaupunginjohtaja Yle. 10 Nov 2014. (in Finnish)
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "A short history of Jyväskylä". City of Jyväskylä. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- "Mouvement de la Population de Finlande en 1939" (PDF). Official Finnish population statistics 1939. Finnish Government.
- Tervoja, Pia (August 2008). "Bene veniatis in urbem Jyväskylä". City of Jyväskylä. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2012.