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Khowar language


Kho is a Dadikai language. It is spoken by fewer than 1,000 people in the upper Chitral District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Native toPakistan
RegionChitral District
EthnicityKho people
Native speakers
1,000 (2004)[1]
Nastaliq alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3khw


Khowar has many loanwords borrowing from Hindustani, Persian, Ghalchah and it contain Sanskrit and Ancient Greek words for example in Persian the word neŝastan for sit in khowar neiŝe and neŝastan and noŝtan in khowar nevŝik for write.

In the 19th century when this region is conquered by hindustanis many hindustani languages words were added to khowar like afas from aas which means hope ruphi from rukna which means to stop usna from uthana which means to lift up choghi from chori which means to theft.

Related pagesEdit

More readingEdit

  • Elena Bashir, (2001) Spatial Representation in Khowar. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
  • Kendall D. Decker, (1992) Languages of Chitral ISBN 969-8023-15-1
  • Erik L’Homme, (1999) Parlons Khowar. Langue et culture de l’ancien royaume de Chitral au Pakistan. Paris: L’Harmattan
  • Georg Morgenstierne, (1936) Iranian Elements in Khowar. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. VIII, London.
  • Badshah munir Bukhari (2001) Khowar language. University publisher.Pakistan
  • Georg Morgenstierne, (1947) Some Features of Khowar Morphology. Norsk Tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap, Vol. XIV, Oslo.
  • Georg Morgenstierne, (1957) Sanskritic Words in Khowar. Felicitation Volume Presented to S.K. Belvalkar. Benares. 84-98 [Reprinted in Morgenstierne (1973): Irano-Dardica, 267-72]
  • Mohammad Ismail Sloan (1981) Khowar-English Dictionary. Peshawar. ISBN 0-923891-15-3.

  1. Kho at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)