The Kiel Canal is a waterway in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. The canal connects the North Sea from the River Elbe to the Baltic Sea at Kiel. The Canal is about 100 kilometres (62 mi) long. The canal was first opened to traffic on 19 June 1895. It was then improved to allow the largest warships to pass through. The formal reopening of the improved canal was on June 24, 1914. The Kiel Canal is the busiest artificial waterway for seagoing ships worldwide. In 2014, 32,600 ships passed through the waterway.
- Christian Wüst (6 June 2013). "Risky Renovations: Kiel Canal Overhaul Threatens Hamburg Port". Spiegel Online International. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Kaiser Wilhelm Canal / Kiel Canal". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "More canal cash as delays raise hackles". Maritime Journal. 23 Oct 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2016.