Lō'ihi Seamount

undersea mountain in Hawaii, United Staes

Lō'ihi Seamount, also known as Loihi or ʻihi,[1] is an submarine volcano (seamount) in the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. It lies in the Pacific Ocean south of the island of Hawaii.

ʻihi Seamount is here

ʻihi is an active volcano.[2]

Hawaiian name change

In 1995, the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) changed a longtime policy and is now using the Hawaiian ʻokina and kahakō in the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).[3] After 1995, Loihi seamount was officially identified as Lōʻihi.

Seamount change

ʻihi seamount is 32 miles from the peak of Mauna Loa. This small volcano is in on the slopes of the larger and older one.[4]ʻihi Seamount is over 3,000 meters above the sea floor. It is as tall as the volcano Mount St Helens was before it erupted.

In 2012, the top of this volcano is one kilometer below the sea,[5]

Island change

ʻihi is predicted to grow until it is an island, thousands of years from now.

References change

  1. In the Hawaiian language, the sounds are shown with a kahakō (macron) and an ʻokina—"Lōʻihi".
  2. Hawaii Center for Volcanology (HCV), "Active Volcanoes Summary"; retrieved 2012-6-16.
  3. United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, Twenty-third Session Vienna, "Working Paper No. 82, "U.S Board on Geographic Names: Collection and Dissemination of Indigenous Names," p. 3; excerpt, "An example of this has been the addition of the glottal stop (okina) and macron (kahako) to placenames of Hawaiian origin, which prior to 1995 had always been omitted. The BGN (Board on Geographic Names) staff, under the direction and guidance of the Hawaii State Geographic Names Authority, has been restoring systemically these marks to each Hawaiian name listed in GNIS (Geographic Names Information System)"; retrieved 2012-6-16.
  4. Kaye, G.D. (2002). Using GIS to estimate the total volume of Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii. Geological Society of America, 98th Annual Meeting. Archived from the original on 2009-01-25. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  5. Malahoff, Alexander (2000-12-18). "Loihi submarine volcano: a unique, natural extremophile laboratory". In the Spotlight. Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (NOAA). Retrieved 2009-10-10.

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