Lance Armstrong

American cyclist

Lance Edward Armstrong (born September 18, 1971 in Plano, Texas, USA) is an American former bicycle rider. He used drugs which helped him in competition. In 2012 the US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) took away all his titles from 1998 to 2006. In 2012, he was also banned forever from cycling competitions.

Lance Armstrong
Lance Armstrong (Tour Down Under 2009).jpg
Armstrong before the 2009 Tour Down Under
Personal information
Full nameLance Edward Armstrong
NicknameLe Boss[1]
Big Tex[2]
BornLance Edward Gunderson
(1971-09-18) September 18, 1971 (age 49)
Plano, Texas, U.S.
Height1.77 m (5 ft 9 12 in)[3]
Weight75 kg (165 lb)[3]
Team information
DisciplineRoad
RoleRider
Rider typeAll-rounder
Amateur team(s)
1990–1991Subaru–Montgomery
1991US National Team
Professional team(s)
1992–1996Motorola
1997Cofidis
1998–2005U.S. Postal Service
2009Astana
2010–2011Team RadioShack
Major wins
Grand Tour
Tour de France
2 individual stages (1993, 1995)

Stage races

Tour de Luxembourg (1998)
Tour DuPont (1995, 1996)

One-day races and Classics

World Road Race Championships (1993)
National Road Race Championships (1993)
Clásica de San Sebastián (1995)
La Flèche Wallonne (1996)
Trofeo Laigueglia (1993)

Before his titles were taken away, he won the Tour de France seven times in a row, from 1999 to 2005.[4] He did this several years after having brain surgery, testicular surgery, and a long course of chemotherapy in 1996. The chemotherapy was to treat testicular cancer that spread to his brain and lungs.[5] Armstrong used to race for the Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team, but was only team leader during the Tour de France.

Armstrong retired from professional cycling in 2011.[4]

Teams and victoriesEdit

Major resultsEdit

1992 - Motorola
Settimana Bergamasca (stage 6)
Vuelta a Galicia (Stage 4a)
Trittico Premondiale (Stage 2) (or GP Sanson)
First Union Grand Prix (Atlanta)
Fitchburg-Longsjo Classic (overall, 1 stage win)
1993 - Motorola
  World Cycling Champion - UCI Road World Championships
  United States US National Cycling Champion - CoreStates USPRO National Road Championships
Tour de France (Stage 8)
Tour of America (overall)
Trofeo Laigueglia
Tour du Pont (2nd overall, 1 stage win)
Tour of Sweden (3rd overall, 1 stage win)
Thrift Drug Classic
Kmart West Virginia Classic (overall, 2 stage wins)
1994 - Motorola
Thrift Drug Classic
Tour du Pont (1 stage win)
1995 - Motorola
Tour de France (Stage 18)
Clásica de San Sebastián
Paris-Nice (Stage 5)
Tour du Pont (overall, mountains, 3 stage wins)
Kmart West Virginia Classic (overall, 2 stage wins)
Tour of America (overall)
1996 - Motorola
Tour du Pont (overall, 5 stage wins)
La Flèche Wallonne
1997 - Cofidis
Sprint 56K Criterium (Austin, TX)
1998 - U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team
Rheinland-Pfalz Rundfahrt (overall)
Tour de Luxembourg (overall, 1 stage win)
Cascade Classic
Vuelta a España (4th overall)
1999 - U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 4 stage wins)[4]
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (ITT) (Prologue)
Route du Sud (Stage 4)
Circuit de la Sarthe (ITT) (Stage 4)
2000 - U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 1 stage win)[4]
GP des Nations
GP Eddy Merckx (with Viatcheslav Ekimov)
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (ITT) (Stage 3)
Bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics Individual Time Trial, Men
2001 - U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 4 stage wins)[4]
Tour de Suisse (overall, 2 stage wins)
2002 - U.S. Postal Service Pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 4 stage wins)[4]
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (Stage 6)
GP du Midi Libre (overall)
Profronde van Stiphout (post-Tour criterium)
2003 - US Postal Service Pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 1 stage win, Team Time Trial)[4]
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (overall, Stage 3 ITT)
2004 - US Postal Service pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 5 stage wins, Team Time Trial)[4]
Tour de Georgia (overall, 2 stage wins)
Tour du Languedoc-Roussillon (Stage 5)
Volta ao Algarve (ITT) (Stage 4)
Profronde van Stiphout (post-Tour criterium)
2005 - Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team
Tour de France ( overall, 1 stage win, Team Time Trial)[4]
Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (points classification)
2009 - Astana Prop Cycling Team
Tour Down Under
Tour of California 7th place

Amateur cycling and triathlon yearsEdit

1991 - Subaru-Montgomery / US National Team
  United States National Amateur Road Race Champion
Settimana Bergamasca (overall and youth classifications)
Tour de Gastown criterium (Vancouver, BC)
Challenge of Champions Triathlon (Monterey, CA)
1990 - Subaru-Montgomery
  United States National Sprint Triathlon Champion
Stonebridge Ranch Triathlon (McKinney, TX)
1989
  United States National Sprint Triathlon Champion
Waco Triathlon (Waco, TX)
1988
Athens YMCA Triathlon (Athens, TX) (course record)
River Triathlon (Shreveport, LA) (course record)
1987
Hillcrest Tulsa Triathlon
1984
IronKids Triathlon National Champion


ReferencesEdit

  1. Fotheringham, William (2011). Cyclopedia: It's All about the Bike. Chicago Review Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-56976-948-5.
  2. Reilly, Rick (July 5, 2010). "Armstrong keeps passing tests". espn.go.com. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Tour de France 2009 – Rider -22- Lance ARMSTRONG". Letour.fr. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Maese, Rick. "USADA strips Lance Armstrong’s titles, bans him from cycling," Washington Post (US). August 24, 2012; retrieved 2012-8-24.
  5. Lance Armstrong shares his struggle