Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic

republic of the Soviet Union (1940-1991)

The Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic (Latvian SSR; Latvian: Latvijas Padomju Sociālistiskā Republika; Russian: Латвийская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Latviyskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as Soviet Latvia or Latvia, was part of the Soviet Union, and existed from 1918 to 1920, and from 1940 to 1990.

Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic

Latvijas Padomju Sociālistiskā Republika (Latvian)
Латвийская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
1940–1941
1944–1990/91
Location of Latvia (red) within the Soviet Union
Location of Latvia (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusUnrecognized Soviet Socialist Republic
(1940–1941, 1944–1990/91)
CapitalRiga
Common languagesLatvian
Russian
GovernmentSoviet Socialist Republic
First Secretary 
• 1940–1959
Jānis Kalnbērziņš (first)
• 1990
Alfrēds Rubiks (last)
Historical eraWorld War II · Cold War
17 June 1940
• SSR established
21 July 1940
• Illegally annexed by USSR, Latvia continued de jure
5 August 1940
1941–1945
• Soviet re-occupation
SSR re-established
1944/1945
4 May 1990
• Independence recognized by the State Council of the Soviet Union
6 September 1991
Area
198964,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi)
Population
• 1989
2,666,567
Calling code7 013
Today part of Latvia