Lenticular galaxy

type of galaxy

A lenticular galaxy is a type of galaxy. These galaxies have an elliptical shape and ill-defined spiral arms.[1] Basically, they are a combinations of spiral and elliptical galaxies.[1] Examples include the Cartwheel Galaxy and NGC 4479. They are disk galaxies that have lost most of its interstellar matter, therefore have very little ongoing star formation.[2] Because of this, they contain a lot of aging stars like elliptical galaxies.

NGC 4452—a lenticular galaxy

Despite being different shapes and a different galaxy type, lenticular and elliptical galaxies share common properties such as spectral features and sizes. They are also early-type galaxies that are slowly evolving.

Morphology and structure change

Classification change

NGC 2787 is an example of a lenticular galaxy with a visible dust absorption. In this image, you can see the slight difficulty in identifying the galaxy type. Credit: HST
Hubble sequence that shows the position of the lenticular galaxies. It is denoted as S0.

Lenticular galaxies are unique, they have a visible disk component and also a prominent bulge component. The bulge is larger than the disk in ratio than a normal spiral galaxy and do not have spiral arms. The large bulge is what makes them looks like an elliptical galaxy. Like spiral galaxies, they can also have a central bar.[3]

Lenticular galaxies are often considered to be a poorly understood transition state between spiral and elliptical galaxies, which makes its position in the Hubble sequence. The disk have no unique features like spiral arms, which makes them not a spiral galaxies. Its bulge is usually spherical, which makes them not an elliptical galaxies. Lenticular galaxy are divided into subclasses based on their either the amount of dust present or the prominence of a central bar. Galaxies with no central bars are S01, S02 and S03, the numbers indicate the amount of gas absorption in the disk. While the barred galaxies are SB01, SB02 and SB03.[3]

Bars change

Like spiral galaxies, lenticular galaxies can also have a central bar. The subclasses for the barred lenticular galaxies are SB01, SB02 and SB03. Although the numbers represents the amount of gas absorption, they can also indicate the prominence of the central bar. SB01, have the least prominent bar. SB02, have a slightly prominent bar. SB03, has the most prominent bar. Examples:

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Types of Galaxies | Pictures, Facts, and Information". AstroBackyard | Astrophotography Tips and Tutorials. Retrieved 2020-08-16.
  2. DeGraaff, Regina Barber; Blakeslee, John P.; Meurer, Gerhardt R.; Putman, Mary E. (December 2007). "A Galaxy in Transition: Structure, Globular Clusters, and Distance of the Star-Forming S0 Galaxy NGC 1533 in Dorado". The Astrophysical Journal. 671 (2): 1624–1639. arXiv:0710.0893. Bibcode:2007ApJ...671.1624D. doi:10.1086/523640. S2CID 14312626.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Binney & Merrifield (1998). Galactic Astronomy. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02565-7.