Open main menu

List of presidents of Turkey

list of persons by position held

This is a complete list of presidents of Turkey. The list includes all eleven heads of state that lead the country after the Turkish War of Independence. For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see the Ottoman Dynasty.

List of presidents (1923–present)Edit

Political Party
Status

     Denotes Military Rulers      Denotes acting president

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political party Previous office Elected
Parliamentary system (1923–2018)
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
  29 October 1923 1 November 1927 Republican People's Party 1st Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey 1 1923
1 November 1927 4 May 1931 2 1927
4 May 1931 1 March 1935 3 1931
1 March 1935 10 November 1938[1] 4 1935
Abdülhalik Renda
(1881–1957)
  10 November 1938 11 November 1938 Republican People's Party 4th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
2 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
  11 November 1938 3 April 1939 Republican People's Party 1st Prime Minister of Turkey 5 1938
3 April 1939 8 March 1943 6 1939
8 March 1943 5 August 1946 7 1943
5 August 1946 27 May 1950 8 1946
3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
  27 May 1950 14 May 1954 Democrat Party 3rd Prime Minister of Turkey 9 1950
14 May 1954 1 November 1957 10 1954
1 November 1957 27 May 1960[2] 11 1957
4 National Unity Committee
Chairman: General Cemal Gürsel
27 May 1960 10 October 1961 Military 10th Commander of the Turkish Army
Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
  10 October 1961 2 February 1966[3] Independent Chairman of the National Unity Committee 12 1961
İbrahim Şevki Atasagun (tr)
(1899–1984)
  2 February 1966 28 March 1966 Independent
5 Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
28 March 1966 28 March 1973 Independent 12th Chief of the General Staff of Turkey 13 1966
Tekin Arıburun
(1903–1993)
  28 March 1973 6 April 1973 Justice Party 4th Chairmen of the Senate of Turkey
6 Fahri Korutürk
(1903–1987)
  6 April 1973 6 April 1980 Independent 3rd Commander of the Turkish Navy 14 1973
İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil
(1908–1993)
  6 April 1980 12 September 1980[4] Justice Party 6th Chairmen of the Senate of Turkey
7 National Security Council
Chairman: General Kenan Evren
  12 September 1980 9 November 1982 Military 17th Chief of the General Staff of Turkey
Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
  9 November 1982 9 November 1989 Independent Chairman of the National Security Council 15 1982
8 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
  9 November 1989 17 April 1993[1] Motherland Party 19th Prime Minister of Turkey 16 1989
Hüsamettin Cindoruk
(born 1933)
  17 April 1993 16 May 1993 True Path Party 17th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
9 Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
  16 May 1993 16 May 2000 True Path Party 12th Prime Minister of Turkey 17 1993
10 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(born 1941)
  16 May 2000 28 August 2007 Independent 14th President of the Constitutional Court of Turkey 18 2000
11 Abdullah Gül
(born 1950)
  28 August 2007 28 August 2014 Justice and Development Party 40th Minister of Foreign Affairs 19 2007
12 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
  28 August 2014 9 July 2018 Justice and Development Party 25th Prime Minister of Turkey 20 2014
Presidential system (2018–present)
12 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
  9 July 2018 Incumbent Justice and Development Party 25th Prime Minister of Turkey 21 2018

Acting PresidentsEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Died in office.
  2. Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.
  3. Removed from office due to ill health.
  4. Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état.

ReferencesEdit