List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe

Wikimedia list article

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has listed 35 World Heritage Sites in eight countries commonly called Northern Europe. These countries are Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.[1]

Greenland is not included in this list even though it is linked with Denmark. It is included in the List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas. The United Kingdom and Ireland are included in Western Europe even though they are sometimes listed in Northern Europe.[2]

LegendEdit

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[4]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was added to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

SitesEdit

     * Trans-border site

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland   Kalmar,   Sweden
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
2000 [5]
Birka and Hovgården   Stockholm,   Sweden
59°20′6.5″N 17°32′33.5″E / 59.335139°N 17.542639°E / 59.335139; 17.542639 (Birka and Hovgården)
Cultural:
{iii}, (iv)
1993 [6]
Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki   Rauma (Lappi), Satakunta,   Finland
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1999 [7]
Bryggen   Bergen, Hordaland,   Norway
60°23′50″N 5°19′23″E / 60.39722°N 5.32306°E / 60.39722; 5.32306 (Bryggen)
Cultural:
{iii}
1979 [8]
Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå   Norrbotten,   Sweden
65°38′46″N 22°1′43″E / 65.64611°N 22.02861°E / 65.64611; 22.02861 (Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
1996 [9]
Curonian Spit   Neringa and Klaipėda district, Klaipėda County,   Lithuania* and Zelenogradsky District, Kaliningrad Oblast,   Russia*
55°16′28″N 20°57′45″E / 55.27444°N 20.96250°E / 55.27444; 20.96250 (Curonian Spit))
Cultural:
(v)
2000 [10]
Engelsberg Ironworks   Västmanland,   Sweden
59°58′00″N 16°00′30″E / 59.96667°N 16.00833°E / 59.96667; 16.00833 (Engelsberg Ironworks)
Cultural:
(iv)
1993 [11]
Fortress of Suomenlinna   Helsinki,   Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
1991 [12]
Hanseatic Town of Visby   Gotland,   Sweden
57°38′30″N 18°17′45″E / 57.64167°N 18.29583°E / 57.64167; 18.29583 (Hanseatic Town of Visby)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1995 [13]
High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago   Västernorrland,   Sweden* and   Finland*
63°18′00″N 21°18′00″E / 63.30000°N 21.30000°E / 63.30000; 21.30000 (High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago)
Natural:
(viii)
194,400 (480,000) 2000 [14]
Historic Centre of Riga Riga,   Latvia
56°57′15″N 24°7′0″E / 56.95417°N 24.11667°E / 56.95417; 24.11667 (Historic Centre of Riga)
Cultural:
(i), (ii)
438 (1,080); buffer zone 1,574 (3,890) 1997 [15]
Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn Tallinn, Harju County,   Estonia
59°26′0″N 24°44′0″E / 59.43333°N 24.73333°E / 59.43333; 24.73333 (Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
113 (280); buffer zone 2,253 (5,570) 1997[nb 1] [16]
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church   Jelling, Vejle Municipality, Southern Denmark,   Denmark
Cultural:
(iii)
4.96 (12.3) 1994 [17]
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)   Kernavė, Širvintos district, Vilnius County,   Lithuania
54°53′16″N 24°49′50″E / 54.88778°N 24.83056°E / 54.88778; 24.83056 (Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė))
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
194 (480); buffer zone 2,455 (6,070) 2004 [18]
Kronborg Castle   Helsingør, Capital Region, Zealand,   Denmark
Cultural:
(iv)
2000 [19]
Laponian Area   Norrbotten,   Sweden
67°20′00″N 17°35′00″E / 67.33333°N 17.58333°E / 67.33333; 17.58333 (Laponian Area)
Mixed:
(iii), (v), (vii), (viii), (ix)
940,000 (2,300,000) 1996 [20]
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun   Dalarna,   Sweden
60°36′17″N 15°37′51″E / 60.60472°N 15.63083°E / 60.60472; 15.63083 (Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (v)
43 (110); buffer zone 3,500 (8,600) 2001 [21]
Naval Port of Karlskrona   Blekinge,   Sweden
56°10′00″N 15°35′00″E / 56.16667°N 15.58333°E / 56.16667; 15.58333 (Naval Port of Karlskrona)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1998 [22]
Old Rauma   Rauma, Satakunta,   Finland
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
29 (72); buffer zone 142 (350) 1991[nb 2] [23][24]
Petäjävesi Old Church   Petäjävesi, Central Finland,   Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
1994 [25]
Rock Art of Alta   Alta, Finnmark,   Norway
69°57′0″N 23°11′0″E / 69.95000°N 23.18333°E / 69.95000; 23.18333 (Rock Art of Alta)
Cultural:
{iii}
1985 [26]
Rock Carvings in Tanum   Västra Götaland,   Sweden
58°42′04″N 11°20′28″E / 58.70111°N 11.34111°E / 58.70111; 11.34111 (Rock Carvings in Tanum)
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
1994 [27]
Røros Mining Town and the Circumference   Røros, Sør-Trøndelag,   Norway
62°34′26″N 11°23′8″E / 62.57389°N 11.38556°E / 62.57389; 11.38556 (Røros Mining Town and the Circumference)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), {v}
1980[nb 3] [28]
Roskilde Cathedral   Roskilde, Region Zealand, Zealand,   Denmark
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
0.40 (0.99); buffer zone 1.50 (3.7) 1995 [29]
Royal Domain of Drottningholm   Stockholm,   Sweden
59°19′23″N 17°53′00″E / 59.32306°N 17.88333°E / 59.32306; 17.88333 (Royal Domain of Drottningholm)
Cultural:
(iv)
1991 [30]
Skogskyrkogården   Stockholm,   Sweden
59°16′32″N 18°05′58″E / 59.27556°N 18.09944°E / 59.27556; 18.09944 (Skogskyrkogården)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 [31]
Struve Geodetic Arc   Belarus*,   Estonia*,   Finland*,   Latvia*,   Lithuania*,   Moldova*,   Norway*,   Russia*,   Sweden* and   Ukraine* Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
2005 [32]
Surtsey   Vestmannaeyjar,   Iceland
63°18′11″N 20°36′8″W / 63.30306°N 20.60222°W / 63.30306; -20.60222 (Surtsey)
Natural:
(ix)
3,370 (8,300); buffer zone 3,190 (7,900) 2008 [33]
Þingvellir National Park   Bláskógabyggð,   Iceland
64°15′14″N 21°2′14″W / 64.25389°N 21.03722°W / 64.25389; -21.03722 (Þingvellir National Park)
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
9,270 (22,900) 2004 [34]
Urnes Stave Church   Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,   Norway
61°18′0″N 7°20′0″E / 61.30000°N 7.33333°E / 61.30000; 7.33333 (Urnes Stave Church)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), {iii}
1979 [35]
Varberg Radio Station   Halland,   Sweden
57°06′00″N 12°23′00″E / 57.10000°N 12.38333°E / 57.10000; 12.38333 (Varberg Radio Station)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
109 (270); buffer zone 3,854 (9,520) 2004 [36]
Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago   Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,   Norway
65°37′0″N 11°45′0″E / 65.61667°N 11.75000°E / 65.61667; 11.75000 (Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago)
Cultural:
(v)
103,710 (256,300); buffer zone 28,040 (69,300) 2004 [37]
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill   Kouvola (Jaala), Kymenlaakso,   Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
23 (57); buffer zone 80 (200) 1996 [38]
Vilnius Historic Centre   Vilnius,   Lithuania
54°41′12″N 25°17′35″E / 54.68667°N 25.29306°E / 54.68667; 25.29306 (Vilnius Historic Centre)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 [39]
West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord   Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,   Norway
62°7′0″N 7°10′0″E / 62.11667°N 7.16667°E / 62.11667; 7.16667 (West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
2005 [40]

NotesEdit

  1. Minor modification of boundaries in 2008.
  2. Addition of the buffer zone in 2009 which had been established on a national level in 2003.
  3. Extended in 2010 to include the circumference and name change from Røros Mining Town to the present name.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Number of World Heritage Properties by region". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  2. "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region. United Nations Statistics Division. 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  3. "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  4. "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  5. "Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  6. "Birka and Hovgården". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  7. "Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  8. "Bryggen". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  9. "Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  10. "Curonian Spit". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  11. "Engelsberg Ironworks". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  12. "Fortress of Suomenlinna". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  13. "Hanseatic Town of Visby". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  14. "High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  15. "Historic Centre of Riga". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  16. "Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  17. "Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  18. "Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  19. "Kronborg Castle". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  20. "Laponian Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  21. "Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  22. "Naval Port of Karlskrona". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  23. "Old Rauma". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  24. "Old Rauma" (PDF). UNESCO. p. 52. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  25. "Petäjävesi Old Church". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  26. "Rock Art of Alta". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  27. "Rock Carvings in Tanum". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  28. "Røros Mining Town and the Circumference". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  29. "Roskilde Cathedral". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  30. "Royal Domain of Drottningholm". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  31. "Skogskyrkogården". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  32. "Struve Geodetic Arc". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  33. "Surtsey". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  34. "Þingvellir National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  35. "Urnes Stave Church". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  36. "Varberg Radio Station". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  37. "Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  38. "Verla Groundwood and Board Mill". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  39. "Vilnius Historic Centre". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  40. "West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011.