List of World Heritage Sites in Western Asia

Wikimedia list article

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has 71 World Heritage Sites in 16 countries of Western Asia. The countries are: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Qatar and Kuwait, which are also in the region, do not have any World Heritage Sites.[1][2]

In this region, Iran is home to the most sites with 13 sites.[3]

LegendEdit

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was added to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

SitesEdit

     † In danger

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman Sharqiyah and Batinah Regions,   Oman
22°59′56″N 57°32′10″E / 22.99889°N 57.53611°E / 22.99889; 57.53611 (Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman)
Cultural:
(v)
1,456 (3,600); buffer zone 16,404 (40,540) 2006 The property includes five aflaj irrigation systems. It is representative of some 3,000 such systems still in use in Oman. The origins of this system of irrigation may date back to AD 500. Archaeological evidence suggests that irrigation systems were in this very arid area as early as 2500 BC. [4]
Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih) Al Madinah Province,   Saudi Arabia
26°47′1″N 37°57′18″E / 26.78361°N 37.95500°E / 26.78361; 37.95500 (Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih))
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
1,621 (4,010); buffer zone 1,659 (4,100) 2008 Formerly known as Hegra it is the largest conserved site of the Nabataeans south of Petra in Jordan. It has well-preserved monumental tombs with decorated facades dating from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD. [5]
Ancient City of Aleppo   Aleppo Governorate,   Syria
36°14′0″N 37°10′0″E / 36.23333°N 37.16667°E / 36.23333; 37.16667 (Ancient City of Aleppo)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
350 (860) 1986 Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans. [6]
Ancient City of Bosra   Daraa Governorate,   Syria
32°31′5″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167 (Ancient City of Bosra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(vi)
1980 Bosra, once the capital of the Roman province of Arabia, was an important stopover on the ancient caravan route to Mecca. A magnificent 2nd-century Roman theatre, early Christian ruins and several mosques are found in its great walls. [7]
Ancient City of Damascus   Damascus Governorate,   Syria
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639 (Ancient City of Damascus)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
86 (210) 1979 Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. [8]
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria     Syria
36°20′3″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417 (Ancient Villages of Northern Syria)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
12,290 (30,400) 2011 Some 40 villages grouped in eight parks in north-western Syria show rural life in late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. [9]
Anjar   Beqaa Governorate,   Lebanon
33°43′33″N 35°55′47″E / 33.72583°N 35.92972°E / 33.72583; 35.92972 (Anjar)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1984 The city of Anjar was founded by Caliph Walid I at the beginning of the 8th century. [10]
Archaeological Site of Troy   Çanakkale Province,   Turkey
39°57′23″N 26°14′20″E / 39.95639°N 26.23889°E / 39.95639; 26.23889 (Archaeological Site of Troy)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
158 (390) 1998 [11]
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn Ad Dhahirah Region,   Oman
23°16′11″N 56°44′42″E / 23.26972°N 56.74500°E / 23.26972; 56.74500 (Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1988 The protohistoric site of Bat is near a palm grove in the interior of the Sultanate of Oman. Together with the neighbouring sites, it forms the most complete collection of settlements and necropolises from the 3rd millennium B.C. in the world. [12]
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran   West Azerbaijan,   Iran
38°58′44″N 45°28′24″E / 38.97889°N 45.47333°E / 38.97889; 45.47333 (Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
129 (320); buffer zone 655 (1,620) 2008 [13]
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)
Salah ad Din Governorate,   Iraq
35°27′32″N 43°15′35″E / 35.45889°N 43.25972°E / 35.45889; 43.25972 (Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
70 (170); buffer zone 100 (250) 2003 The ancient city of Ashur is on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia. The city dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. From the 14th to the 9th centuries BC it was the first capital of the Assyrian Empire. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians, but brought back during the Parthian period in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. [14]
[15]
At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah   Riyadh Province,   Saudi Arabia
24°44′3″N 46°34′21″E / 24.73417°N 46.57250°E / 24.73417; 46.57250 (At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
29 (72) 2008 Diriyah was the first capital of the Saudi Dynasty, in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula, north-west of Riyadh. It has the remains of many palaces and an urban ensemble built on the edge of the ad-Dir’iyah oasis. [16]
Baalbek   Beqaa Governorate,   Lebanon
34°0′25″N 36°12′18″E / 34.00694°N 36.20500°E / 34.00694; 36.20500 (Baalbek)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
1984 Baalbek, where a triad of deities was worshipped, was known as Heliopolis during the Hellenistic period. It kept its religious function during Roman times. Te sanctuary of the Heliopolitan Jupiter attracted thousands of pilgrims. [17]
Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery   Imereti,   Georgia
42°15′44″N 42°42′59″E / 42.26222°N 42.71639°E / 42.26222; 42.71639 (Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery)
Cultural:
(iv)
7.87 (19.4) 1994 The site has been listed as endangered since 2010. A major reconstruction project that will lead to irreversible interventions and undermine the authenticity and integrity of the site. [18]
[19]
Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee   Haifa and North District,   Israel
32°49′46″N 34°58′18″E / 32.82944°N 34.97167°E / 32.82944; 34.97167 (Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
63 (160); buffer zone 255 (630) 2008 [20]
Bahla Fort Ad Dakhiliyah Region,   Oman
22°57′51″N 57°18′4″E / 22.96417°N 57.30111°E / 22.96417; 57.30111 (Bahla Fort)
Cultural:
(iv)
1987 The oasis of Bahla owes its richness to the Banu Nebhan, the dominant tribe in the area from the 12th to the end of the 15th century. The ruins of the large fort, with its walls and towers of unbaked brick and its stone foundations, is a remarkable example of this type of fortification. [21]
Bam and its Cultural Landscape   Kerman,   Iran
29°07′00.68″N 58°22′06.51″E / 29.1168556°N 58.3684750°E / 29.1168556; 58.3684750 (Bam and its Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
2004 The site has been listed as endangered since 2004 following the damage due to the 2003 Bam earthquake. [22]
[23]
Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba     Israel
32°35′50″N 35°10′56″E / 32.59722°N 35.18222°E / 32.59722; 35.18222 (Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
96 (240); buffer zone 604 (1,490) 2005 [24]
Bisotun   Kermanshah,   Iran
34°23′18″N 47°26′12″E / 34.38833°N 47.43667°E / 34.38833; 47.43667 (Bisotun)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
187 (460); buffer zone 361 (890) 2006 [25]
Byblos   Mount Lebanon Governorate,   Lebanon
34°7′9″N 35°38′51″E / 34.11917°N 35.64750°E / 34.11917; 35.64750 (Byblos)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
1984 The ruins of many civilizations are found at Byblos, one of the oldest Phoenician cities. People have live here since Neolithic times. It has been closely linked to the legends and history of the Mediterranean region for thousands of years. [26]
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots   Armavir Province,   Armenia
40°9′33.5″N 44°17′42.5″E / 40.159306°N 44.295139°E / 40.159306; 44.295139 (Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
74 (180) 2000 [27]
Choirokoitia   Larnaca District,   Cyprus
34°47′54″N 33°20′36″E / 34.79833°N 33.34333°E / 34.79833; 33.34333 (Choirokoitia)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
1998 [28]
City of Safranbolu   city and district of Safranbolu, Karabük Province,   Turkey
41°15′36″N 32°41′23″E / 41.26000°N 32.68972°E / 41.26000; 32.68972 (City of Safranbolu)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
193 (480) 1994 [29]
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din   Homs and Latakia Governorates,   Syria
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306 (Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
9 (22) 2006 These two castles represent the most significant examples show the changes of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th - 13th centuries). [30]
Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)     United Arab Emirates
24°4′4″N 55°48′23″E / 24.06778°N 55.80639°E / 24.06778; 55.80639 (Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
4,945 (12,220); buffer zone 7,605 (18,790) 2011 [31]
Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape   Garadagh and Absheron districts,   Azerbaijan
40°7′30″N 49°22′30″E / 40.12500°N 49.37500°E / 40.12500; 49.37500 (Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(iii)
537 (1,330); buffer zone 3,096 (7,650) 2007 [32]
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği   city and district of Divriği, Sivas Province,   Turkey
39°22′25″N 38°7′25″E / 39.37361°N 38.12361°E / 39.37361; 38.12361 (Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
2,016 (4,980) 1985 [33]
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia   Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia Region,   Turkey
38°40′0″N 34°51′0″E / 38.66667°N 34.85000°E / 38.66667; 34.85000 (Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia)
Mixed:
(i)(iii)(v)(vii)
9,576 (23,660) 1985 [34]
Hatra   Ninawa Governorate,   Iraq
35°35′17″N 42°43′6″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833 (Hatra)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
324 (800) 1985 A large fortified city under the influence of the Parthian Empire and capital of the first Arab Kingdom, Hatra withstood invasions by the Romans in A.D. 116 and 198 thanks to its high, thick walls reinforced by towers. [35]
Hattusha: the Hittite Capital   Sungurlu, Çorum Province,   Turkey
40°0′50″N 34°37′14″E / 40.01389°N 34.62056°E / 40.01389; 34.62056 (Hattusha: the Hittite Capital)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
268 (660) 1986 [36]
Hierapolis-Pamukkale   Denizli Province,   Turkey
37°55′26″N 29°7′24″E / 37.92389°N 29.12333°E / 37.92389; 29.12333 (Hierapolis-Pamukkale)
Mixed:
(iii)(iv)(vii)
1,077 (2,660) 1988 [37]
Historical Monuments of Mtskheta   Mtskheta-Mtianeti,   Georgia
41°51′N 44°43′E / 41.850°N 44.717°E / 41.850; 44.717 (Historical Monuments of Mtskheta)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1994 The site has been endangered since 2009. [38]
[39]
Historic Areas of Istanbul   Istanbul city and Istanbul Province,   Turkey
41°0′30″N 28°58′48″E / 41.00833°N 28.98000°E / 41.00833; 28.98000 (Historic Areas of Istanbul)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
678 (1,680) 1985 [40]
Historic Town of Zabid   Al Hudaydah Governorate,   Yemen
14°11′53″N 43°19′48″E / 14.19806°N 43.33000°E / 14.19806; 43.33000 (Historic Town of Zabid)
Cultural:
(iii)
1993 Zabid was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century. The city played an important role in the Arab and Muslim world for many centuries because of its Islamic university. It has been listed as endangered since 2000. [41]
[42]
Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev   Negev,   Israel
30°32′28″N 35°9′39″E / 30.54111°N 35.16083°E / 30.54111; 35.16083 (Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev)
Cultural:
(iii)(v)
2005 [43]
Land of Frankincense Dhofar Governorate,   Oman
18°15′12″N 53°38′51″E / 18.25333°N 53.64750°E / 18.25333; 53.64750 (Land of Frankincense)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
850 (2,100); buffer zone 1,243 (3,070) 2000 The frankincense trees of Wadi Dawkah and the remains of the caravan oasis and the ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed show the trade in frankincense that was strong in this region for many centuries. [44]
Masada   South District,   Israel
31°18′49″N 35°21′10″E / 31.31361°N 35.35278°E / 31.31361; 35.35278 (Masada)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
276 (680); buffer zone 28,965 (71,570) 2001 [45]
Meidan Emam, Esfahan   Isfahan,   Iran
32°39′27″N 51°40′40″E / 32.65750°N 51.67778°E / 32.65750; 51.67778 (Meidan Emam, Esfahan)
Cultural:
(i)(v)(vi)
1979 [46]
Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin   Haghpat and Sanahin, Lori Province,   Armenia
41°5′42″N 44°42′37″E / 41.09500°N 44.71028°E / 41.09500; 44.71028 (Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
2.65 (6.5); buffer zone 24 (59) 1996[nb 1] [47]
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley   near Goght, Kotayk Province,   Armenia
40°9′32″N 44°47′48″E / 40.15889°N 44.79667°E / 40.15889; 44.79667 (Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley)
Cultural:
(ii)
2.70 (6.7) 2000 [48]
Nemrut Dağ   Adiyaman Province,   Turkey
38°2′12″N 38°45′49″E / 38.03667°N 38.76361°E / 38.03667; 38.76361 (Nemrut Dağ)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
11 (27) 1987 [49]
Old City of Acre   Western Galilee,   Israel
32°55′42″N 35°5′2″E / 32.92833°N 35.08389°E / 32.92833; 35.08389 (Old City of Acre)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(v)
63 (160) 2001 [50]
Old City of Sana'a   Sana'a Governorate,   Yemen
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806 (Old City of Sana'a)
Cultural:
(iv)(v)(vi)
1986 Sana’a has been lived in for more than 2,500 years. In the 7th and 8th centuries the city became a major centre for spreading Islam. This religious and political heritage can be seen in the 103 mosques, 14 hammams and over 6,000 houses, all built before the 11th century. [51]
Old Walled City of Shibam   Hadhramaut Governorate,   Yemen
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667 (Old Walled City of Shibam)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
1982 The 16th-century city of Shibam is one of the oldest and best examples of urban planning based on vertical construction. [52]
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)   North Lebanon Governorate,   Lebanon
34°14′36″N 36°2′56″E / 34.24333°N 36.04889°E / 34.24333; 36.04889 (Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1998 The Qadisha valley is one of the most important early Christian monastic settlements in the world. Nearby are the remains of the great forest of cedars of Lebanon, highly prized in antiquity for the construction of great religious buildings. [53]
Painted Churches in the Troodos Region Troodos Mountains, Limassol and Nicosia Districts,   Cyprus
34°55′13″N 33°5′45″E / 34.92028°N 33.09583°E / 34.92028; 33.09583 (Painted Churches in the Troodos Region)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
1985[nb 2] [54]
[55]
Paphos   Paphos District,   Cyprus
34°45′30″N 32°24′20″E / 34.75833°N 32.40556°E / 34.75833; 32.40556 (Paphos)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
1980 [56]
Pasargadae   Pars,   Iran
30°11′38″N 53°10′2″E / 30.19389°N 53.16722°E / 30.19389; 53.16722 (Pasargadae)
Cultural:
(1)(ii)(iii)(iv)
160 (400); buffer zone 7,127 (17,610) 2004 [57]
Persepolis   Fars,   Iran
29°56′4″N 52°52′25″E / 29.93444°N 52.87361°E / 29.93444; 52.87361 (Persepolis)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(vi)
13 (32) 1979 [58]
Petra   Ma'an Governorate,   Jordan
30°19′50″N 35°26′36″E / 30.33056°N 35.44333°E / 30.33056; 35.44333 (Petra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 Lived in since prehistoric times, this Nabataean caravan-city, between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains covered with passages and gorges. [59]
Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun Northern Governorate,   Bahrain
26°13′59″N 50°31′20″E / 26.23306°N 50.52222°E / 26.23306; 50.52222 (Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
32 (79); buffer zone 1,238 (3,060) 2005[nb 3] The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of the most important ancient civilizations of the region. [60]
[61]
Quseir Amra   Zarqa Governorate,   Jordan
31°48′7″N 36°35′9″E / 31.80194°N 36.58583°E / 31.80194; 36.58583 (Qasr Amra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 Built in the early 8th century, this very well kept desert castle was both a fortress with a garrison and a residence of the Umayyad caliphs. [62]
Samarra Archaeological City Salah ad Din Governorate,   Iraq
34°20′28″N 43°49′25″E / 34.34111°N 43.82361°E / 34.34111; 43.82361 (Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat))
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
15,058 (37,210); buffer zone 31,414 (77,630) 2007 Samarra Archaeological City is the site of a powerful Islamic capital city that ruled over the provinces of the Abbasid Empire extending from Tunisia to Central Asia for a century. The 9th-century Great Mosque and its spiral minaret are among the many remarkable architectural monuments of the site, 80% of which remain to be excavated. The site has been listed as endangered since it was added. [63]
[64]
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex   Edirne, East Thrace,   Turkey
41°40′40″N 26°33′34″E / 41.67778°N 26.55944°E / 41.67778; 26.55944 (Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
2.50 (6.2); buffer zone 38 (94) 2011 [65]
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil   Ardabil, Ardabil Province,   Iran
38°14′55″N 48°17′29″E / 38.24861°N 48.29139°E / 38.24861; 48.29139 (Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
2.14 (5.3); buffer zone 13 (32) 2010 [66]
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System   Khuzestan,   Iran
32°1′7″N 48°50′9″E / 32.01861°N 48.83583°E / 32.01861; 48.83583 (Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(v)
240 (590); buffer zone 1,572 (3,880) 2009 [67]
Site of Palmyra   Homs Governorate,   Syria
34°33′15″N 38°16′0″E / 34.55417°N 38.26667°E / 34.55417; 38.26667 (Site of Palmyra)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
0.36 (0.89) 1980 An oasis in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus, Palmyra has the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. [68]
Socotra Archipelago   Hadhramaut Governorate,   Yemen
12°30′N 53°50′E / 12.500°N 53.833°E / 12.500; 53.833 (Socotra Archipelago)
Natural:
(x)
410,460 (1,014,300); buffer zone 1,740,958 (4,302,000) 2008 Socotra Archipelago, in the northwest Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, is 250 km long. It has four islands and two rocky islets. The site is of universal importance because of its biodiversity with rich and distinct flora and fauna. [69]
Soltaniyeh Zanjan,   Iran
36°26′7″N 48°47′48″E / 36.43528°N 48.79667°E / 36.43528; 48.79667 (Soltaniyeh)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
790 (2,000); buffer zone 350 (860) 2005 [70]
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex   Tabriz,   Iran
38°4′53″N 46°17′35″E / 38.08139°N 46.29306°E / 38.08139; 46.29306 (Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
29 (72); buffer zone 75 (190) 2010 [71]
Takht-e Soleyman   West Azerbaijan,   Iran
36°36′14″N 47°14′6″E / 36.60389°N 47.23500°E / 36.60389; 47.23500 (Takht-e Soleyman)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
10 (25); buffer zone 7,438 (18,380) 2003 [72]
Tchogha Zanbil   Khuzestan,   Iran
32°5′0″N 48°32′0″E / 32.08333°N 48.53333°E / 32.08333; 48.53333 (Tchogha Zanbil)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1979 [73]
The Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls   Jerusalem,   Israel
31°47′0″N 35°13′0″E / 31.78333°N 35.21667°E / 31.78333; 35.21667 (Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
1981 As a holy city for Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Jerusalem has always been of great symbolic importance. It is recognized by all three religions as the site of Abraham's sacrifice. The site has been listed as endangered since 1982. [74]
[75]
[76]
The Persian Garden   Pars,   Iran
30°10′0″N 53°10′0″E / 30.16667°N 53.16667°E / 30.16667; 53.16667 (The Persian Garden)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
716 (1,770); buffer zone 9,740 (24,100) 2011 [77]
Tyre   South Lebanon Governorate,   Lebanon
33°16′19″N 35°11′40″E / 33.27194°N 35.19444°E / 33.27194; 35.19444 (Tyre)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
154 (380) 1984 Tyre ruled the seas and founded rich colonies such as Cadiz and Carthage. There are important archaeological remains, mainly from Roman times. [78]
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)   Madaba Governorate,   Jordan
31°30′6″N 35°55′14″E / 31.50167°N 35.92056°E / 31.50167; 35.92056 (Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a))
Cultural:
(i)(iv)(vi)
24 (59); buffer zone 90 (220) 2005 Most of this archaeological site, which started as a Roman military camp and grew to become a town from the 5th century, has not been excavated. It has remains from the Roman, Byzantine and Early Muslim periods (end of 3rd to 9th centuries AD) and a fortified Roman military camp. [79]
Upper Svaneti   Chajashi, Mestia District, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti,   Georgia
42°54′59″N 43°0′41″E / 42.91639°N 43.01139°E / 42.91639; 43.01139 (Upper Svaneti)
Cultural:
(iv)(v)
1.06 (2.6); buffer zone 19 (47) 1996 [80]
Wadi Rum Protected Area   Aqaba Governorate,   Jordan
29°38′N 35°26′E / 29.633°N 35.433°E / 29.633; 35.433 (Wadi Rum Protected Area)
Mixed:
(iii)(v)(vii)
74,180 (183,300); buffer zone 59,177 (146,230) 2011 The 74,000-hectare property is in southern Jordan, near the border with Saudi Arabia. It has a varied desert landscape, as well as 25,000 rock carvings with 20,000 inscriptions. [81]
Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower   Absheron Peninsula,   Azerbaijan
40°22′0″N 49°50′0″E / 40.36667°N 49.83333°E / 40.36667; 49.83333 (Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower)
Cultural:
(iv)
22 (54) 2000 [82]
White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement   Tel Aviv,   Israel
32°4′0″N 34°47′0″E / 32.06667°N 34.78333°E / 32.06667; 34.78333 (White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
140 (350); buffer zone 197 (490) 2003 [83]
Xanthos-Letoon   , Muğla and Antalya Provinces,   Turkey
36°20′6″N 29°19′13″E / 36.33500°N 29.32028°E / 36.33500; 29.32028 (Xanthos-Letoon)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
126 (310); buffer zone 63 (160) 1988 [84]
Notes
  1. Extended in 2000 to include the Sanahin Monastery and name change from Monastery of Haghpat to the present name.
  2. Extended in 2001 to include the church Metamorfosis tou Sotiros (Transfiguration of the Saviour) in Palaichori.
  3. Minor modification of the core zone and enlargement of the buffer zone in 2008.

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