List of countries by area

Wikimedia ranked list

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories by area.

Countries by area

This shows all sovereign states, dependent territories and overseas territories by total area, land area and water area.

Not included here are individual claims to Antarctica or entities that are not sovereign states such as the European Union which have some degree of sovereignty but they are not themselves to be sovereiyn states or dependent territories.

The three measurements of area are:

  • Total area: The total area is the sum of all land and Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers).
  • Land area: The land area is the sum of land, excluding water area
  • Water area: The water area is the sum of Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers)

Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division.[1]

Sovereign states and dependent territories by area

Two next newest countries, Bougainville and Greenland are assigned a number rank because there's a high chance of being independent. States with limited recognition are also assigned a number rank.

# Country / dependent territory Total in km² (mi²) Land in km² (mi²) Water in km² (mi²) % of water
 Earth 510,000,000 km2 (200,000,000 sq mi) 160,000,000 km2 (62,000,000 sq mi) 150,000,000 km2 (58,000,000 sq mi) 50.0
 Continents 160,000,000 km2 (62,000,000 sq mi) 160,000,000 km2 (62,000,000 sq mi) 0 km2 (0 sq mi) 0.0
 Oceans 150,000,000 km2 (58,000,000 sq mi) 0 km2 (0 sq mi) 150,000,000 km2 (58,000,000 sq mi) 50.0
1   Russia[a] 17,098,246 km2 (6,601,670 sq mi)
  Antarctica[b] 14,200,000 km2 (5,500,000 sq mi)
2   Canada[c] 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi)
3   China[d] 9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)
4   United States[e] 9,525,067 km2 (3,677,649 sq mi)
5   Brazil[f] 8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi)
6   Australia[g] 7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi)
7   India[h] 3,287,263 (1,269,219)
  Queen Maud Land (Norway)[i] 2,900,000 (1,100,000)
8   Argentina[j] 2,780,400 (1,073,500)
9   Kazakhstan[k] 2,724,900 (1,052,100)
10   Algeria[l] 2,381,741 (919,595)
11   Democratic Republic of the Congo[m] 2,344,858 (905,355)
  Kingdom of Denmark 2,220,093 (857,183)
12   Greenland[n] 2,166,086 (836,330)
13   Saudi Arabia[o] 2,149,690 (830,000)
14   Mexico[p] 1,964,375 (758,449)
15   Indonesia[q] 1,904,569 (735,358)
16   Sudan[r] 1,861,484 (718,723)
17   Libya 1,759,540 (679,360)
18   Iran 1,648,195 (636,372)
Marie Byrd Land (terra nullius)[s] 1,600,000 (620,000)
19   Mongolia[t] 1,564,110 (603,910)
  British Antarctic Territory (United Kingdom) 1,300,000 (500,000)
20   Peru 1,285,216 (496,225)
21   Chad[u] 1,284,000 (496,000)
22   Niger 1,267,000 (489,000)
23   Angola[v] 1,246,700 (481,400)
24   Mali 1,240,192 (478,841)
25   South Africa 1,221,037 (471,445)
  Chilean Antarctic Territory (Chile) 1,200,000 (460,000)
26   Colombia 1,141,748 (440,831)
27   Ethiopia 1,104,300 (426,400)
28   Bolivia 1,098,581 (424,164)
29   Mauritania 1,030,700 (398,000)
30   Egypt[w] 1,002,450 (387,050)
31   Tanzania 945,087 (364,900)
32   Nigeria 923,768 (356,669)
33   Venezuela 916,445 (353,841)
34   Pakistan 907,132 (350,246)
  Argentine Antarctica (Argentina) 900,000 (350,000)
35   Namibia 825,615 (318,772)
36   Mozambique[x] 801,590 (309,500)
37   Turkey 783,562 (302,535)
38   Chile 756,102 (291,933)
39   Zambia 752,612 (290,585)
40   Myanmar 676,578 (261,228)
41   Afghanistan 652,230 (251,830)
42   South Sudan 644,329 (248,777)
43   France[y] 640,679 (247,368)
44   Somalia 637,657 (246,201)
45   Central African Republic 622,984 (240,535)
46   Ukraine[z] 603,500 (233,000)
47   Madagascar[aa] 587,041 (226,658)
48   Botswana 581,730 (224,610)
49   Kenya 580,367 (224,081)
  France 543,940 (210,020)
50   Yemen 527,968 (203,850)
51   Thailand 513,120 (198,120)
52   Spain 505,992 (195,365)
53   Turkmenistan 488,100 (188,500)
  Ross Dependency (New Zealand) 480,000 (190,000)
54   Cameroon 475,442 (183,569)
55   Papua New Guinea[ab] 462,840 (178,700)
56   Sweden[ac] 450,295 (173,860)
57   Uzbekistan 447,400 (172,700)
58   Morocco 446,550 (172,410)
  French Southern and Antarctic Lands (France)[ad] 439,747 (169,787)
59   Iraq 438,317 (169,235)
60   Paraguay 406,752 (157,048)
61   Zimbabwe 390,757 (150,872)
62   Norway 386,224 (149,122)
63   Japan 377,975 (145,937)
64   Germany 357,114 (137,882)
65   Republic of the Congo 342,000 (132,000)
66   Finland 338,424 (130,666)
67   Vietnam 331,212 (127,882)
68   Malaysia 330,803 (127,724)
  Norway 323,802 (125,021)
69   Ivory Coast 322,463 (124,504)
70   Poland 312,696 (120,733)
71   Oman 309,500 (119,500)
72   Italy 301,339 (116,348)
73   Philippines 300,000 (120,000)
74   Ecuador 276,841 (106,889)
75   Burkina Faso 274,222 (105,878)
76   New Zealand 262,443 (101,330)
77   Gabon 267,668 (103,347)
78   Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[ae] 266,000 (103,000)
79   Guinea 245,857 (94,926)
80   United Kingdom 242,495 (93,628)
81   Uganda 241,550 (93,260)
82   Ghana 238,533 (92,098)
83   Romania 238,397 (92,046)
84   Laos 236,800 (91,400)
85   Guyana[af] 214,969 (83,000)
86   Belarus[ag] 207,600 (80,200)
87   Kyrgyzstan 199,951 (77,202)
88   Senegal 196,722 (75,955)
89   Syria 185,180 (71,500)
90   Cambodia 181,035 (69,898)
91   Uruguay 176,215 (68,037)
92   Somaliland 176,120 (68,000)
93   Suriname[ah] 163,820 (63,250)
94   Tunisia 163,610 (63,170)
95   Bangladesh 147,570 (56,980)
96   Nepal 147,181 (56,827)
97   Tajikistan 143,100 (55,300)
98   Greece 131,957 (50,949)
99   Nicaragua 130,373 (50,337)
100   North Korea 120,540 (46,540)
101   Malawi 118,484 (45,747)
102   Eritrea 117,600 (45,400)
103   Benin 114,763 (44,310)
104   Honduras 112,492 (43,433)
105   Liberia 111,369 (43,000)
106   Bulgaria 111,002 (42,858)
107   Cuba 109,884 (42,426)
108   Guatemala 108,889 (42,042)
109   Iceland 103,000 (40,000)
110   South Korea 100,210 (38,690)
  Puntland 97,757 (37,744)
111   Hungary 93,028 (35,918)
112   Portugal 92,090 (35,560)
113   Jordan 89,342 (34,495)
114   Serbia 88,361 (34,116)
115   Azerbaijan 86,600 (33,400)
116   Austria 83,871 (32,383)
117   United Arab Emirates 83,600 (32,300)
  French Guiana (France) 83,534 (32,253)
118   Czech Republic 78,865 (30,450)
119   Panama 75,417 (29,119)
120   Sierra Leone 71,740 (27,700)
121   Ireland 70,273 (27,133)
122   Georgia 69,700 (26,900)
123   Sri Lanka 65,610 (25,330)
124   Lithuania 65,300 (25,200)
125   Latvia 64,559 (24,926)
  Svalbard (Norway) 62,045 (23,956)
126   Togo 56,785 (21,925)
127   Croatia 56,594 (21,851)
128   Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209 (19,772)
129   Costa Rica 51,100 (19,700)
130   Slovakia 49,037 (18,933)
131   Dominican Republic 48,671 (18,792)
132   Estonia 45,227 (17,462)
133   Denmark 43,094 (16,639)
134   Ambazonia 42,800 (16,500)
135   Netherlands 41,850 (16,160)
136   Switzerland 41,284 (15,940)
137   Bhutan 38,394 (14,824)
138   Taiwan 36,193 (13,974)
139   Guinea-Bissau 36,125 (13,948)
140   Moldova 33,846 (13,068)
141   Catalonia 32,000 (12,000)
142   Belgium 30,528 (11,787)
143   Lesotho 30,355 (11,720)
144   Armenia 29,743 (11,484)
145   Solomon Islands 28,896 (11,157)
146   Albania 28,748 (11,100)
147   Equatorial Guinea 28,051 (10,831)
148   Burundi 27,834 (10,747)
149   Haiti 27,750 (10,710)
150   Rwanda 26,338 (10,169)
151   North Macedonia 25,713 (9,928)
152   Djibouti 23,200 (9,000)
153   Belize 22,966 (8,867)
154   Israel 22,072 (8,522)
155   El Salvador 21,041 (8,124)
156   Slovenia 20,273 (7,827)
  New Caledonia (France) 18,575 (7,172)
157   Fiji 18,272 (7,055)
158   Kuwait 17,818 (6,880)
159   Eswatini 17,364 (6,704)
160   East Timor 14,919 (5,760)
161   The Bahamas 13,943 (5,383)
162   Montenegro 13,812 (5,333)
163   Vanuatu 12,189 (4,706)
  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom) 12,189 (4,706)
164   Qatar 11,586 (4,473)
165   The Gambia 11,295 (4,361)
166   Jamaica 10,991 (4,244)
167   Kosovo 10,887 (4,203)
168   Lebanon 10,452 (4,036)
169   Cyprus 9,251 (3,572)
  Puerto Rico (United States) 9,104 (3,515)
170   Bougainville 8,800 (3,400)
171   Abkhazia 8,660 (3,340)
  United States Minor Outlying Islands 6,959.41 (2,687.04)
172   Palestine 6,020 (2,320)
173   Brunei 5,765 (2,226)
174   Trinidad and Tobago 5,130 (1,980)
  French Polynesia (France) 4,167 (1,609)
175   Transnistria 4,163 (1,607)
176   Cape Verde 4,033 (1,557)
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom) 3,903 (1,507)
177   South Ossetia 3,900 (1,500)
178   Northern Cyprus 3,355 (1,295)
179   Samoa 2,842 (1,097)
  Hong Kong (China) 2,746 (1,060)
180   Luxembourg 2,586 (998)
  Réunion (France) 2,512 (970)
Bir Tawil (Terra nullius) 2,060 (800)
181   Mauritius 2,040 (790)
182   Comoros 1,862 (719)
  Guadeloupe (France) 1,628 (629)
  Åland Islands (Finland) 1,552 (599)
  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 1,393 (538)
  Martinique (France) 1,128 (436)
  Chatham Islands (New Zealand) 976 (377)
183   São Tomé and Príncipe 964 (372)
  Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom) 948 (366)
184   Kiribati 811 (313)
185   Bahrain 778 (300)
186   Dominica 751 (290)
187   Tonga 747 (288)
188   Singapore 716 (276)
189   Federated States of Micronesia 702 (271)
190   Saint Lucia 606 (234)
  Auckland Islands (New Zealand) 602 (232)
  Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 572 (221)
  Guam (United States) 544 (210)
191   Andorra 468 (181)
  Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 465 (180)
192   Palau 460 (180)
193   Seychelles 452 (175)
  Curaçao (Netherlands) 444 (171)
193   Antigua and Barbuda 442 (171)
194   Barbados 430 (170)
  Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia) 412 (159)
195   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 (150)
  Jan Mayen (Norway) 377 (146)
  Mayotte (France) 374 (144)
  United States Virgin Islands (United States) 347 (134)
196   Grenada 344 (133)
  Prince Edward Islands (South Africa) 339 (131)
197   Malta 316 (122)
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) 308 (119)
198   Maldives 300 (120)
  Bonaire (Netherlands) 288 (111)
  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 264 (102)
199   Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 (101)
200   Niue 260 (100)
  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (United Kingdom) 253.8 (98.0)
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 242 (93)
201   Cook Islands 236 (91)
  American Samoa (United States) 199 (77)
202   Marshall Islands 181 (70)
  Aruba (Netherlands) 180 (69)
  Easter Island (Chile) 163 (63)
203   Liechtenstein 160 (62)
  Peter I Island (Norway) 154 (59)
  British Virgin Islands (United States) 151 (58)
  Wallis and Futuna (France) 142 (55)
  Macquarie Island (Australia) 140 (54)
  Christmas Island (Australia) 135 (52)
  Jersey (United Kingdom) 116 (45)
  Campbell Islands (New Zealand) 112 (43)
  Montserrat (United Kingdom) 102 (39)
  Anguilla (United Kingdom) 91 (35)
  Guernsey (United Kingdom) 78 (30)
204   San Marino 61 (24)
  British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom) 60 (23)
  Saint Martin (France) 54 (21)
  Bermuda (United Kingdom) 54 (21)
  San Andrés y Providencia (Colombia) 52 (20)
  Bouvet Island (Norway) 50 (19)
  Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom) 47 (18)
  Norfolk Island (Australia) 40 (15)
  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 34 (13)
  Kermadec Islands (New Zealand) 32 (12)
  Macau (China) 30 (12)
205   Tuvalu 26 (10)
  Antipodes Islands (New Zealand) 23 (8.9)
206   Nauru[ai] 21 (8.1)
  Saint Barthélemy (France) 21 (8.1)
  Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) 21 (8.1)
  Ceuta (Spain) 19 (7.3)
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 14 (5.4)
  Saba (Netherlands) 13 (5.0)
  Melilla (Spain) 12 (4.6)
  Tokelau (New Zealand) 12 (4.6)
  Paracel Islands (disputed) 7 (2.7)
  Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 7 (2.7)
  Alderney (United Kingdom) 6 (2.3)
  Clipperton (France) 6 (2.3)
  Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia) 5 (1.9)
  Spratly Islands (disputed) 5 (1.9)
  Snares Islands (New Zealand) 4 (1.5)
  Gornja Siga (terra nullius) 4 (1.5)
  Three Kings Islands (New Zealand) 3 (1.2)
  Coral Sea Islands (Australia) 3 (1.2)
207   Monaco[aj] 2.02 (0.78)
  Bounty Islands[ak] (New Zealand) 1 (0.39)
208   Uzupis 0.77 (0.30)
209   Vatican City[al] 0.44 (0.17)
210   Molossia 0.30 (0.12)
211   Sealand 0.002 (0.00077)
212   Kugelmugel 0.0005 (0.00019)


MongoliaIranLibyaSudanIndonesiaMexicoSaudi ArabiaGreenlandDemocratic Republic of the CongoAlgeriaKazakhstanArgentinaIndiaEuropean UnionAustraliaBrazilOceaniaUnited StatesGeography of China#Boundary disputesPeople's Republic of ChinaCanadaEuropeAntarcticaRussia

References

  1. "Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2012.

Notes

  1. The largest country in the world which spams into 2 continents. The European part in located in Europe which makes it the largest country in Europe while the Asian part is located in Asia which makes it the largest country in Asia.
  2. 98% of the territory is covered by ice and snow. Territories are claimed by Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom.
  3. Largest English and French-speaking country in the world by area and largest country in the Western Hemisphere.
  4. Excludes the Taiwan-China dispute and the 2 special administrative regions. Largest country located entirely in Asia
  5. Excludes the US territories and the disputed territories. Largest Spanish-speaking country in the world by area.
  6. Largest country in South America and Latin America and largest Portuguese-speaking in the world by area.
  7. Largest island country and largest country in Oceania. This doesn't include the seven external territories. (Christmas Island, Norfolk Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Australian Antarctic Territory, Coral Sea Islands and the two uninhabited Heard and McDonald Islands and Ashmore and Cartier Islands.
  8. Third largest country in Asia after Russia and China. Includes the India-administered Kashmir.
  9. Second largest Antarctic territorial claim in the world after the Australian Antarctic Territory.
  10. Second largest Spanish speaking country in the world after the United States by area and second largest country in Latin America.
  11. Largest landlocked country in the world and second largest Russian-speaking country in the world after Russia by area.
  12. Largest country in Africa and the Arab world.
  13. Second largest French-speaking country in the world after Canada by area and second largest country in Africa after Algeria.
  14. Largest island in the world that is not considered a continent, second largest island country in the world after Australia and largest microstate in the world. 80% of people requested a referendum for independence.
  15. Second largest country in the Arab world after Algeria and largest country in the Middle East.
  16. Third largest Spanish-speaking country in the world after the United States and Argentina by area and third largest country in Latin America.
  17. Second largest island country in the world that is not a continent. (Third largest after Australia).
  18. Third largest country in Africa after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  19. Largest unclaimed land in the world.
  20. Second largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan.
  21. Third largest French-speaking country in the world after Canada and the Democratic Republic of the Congo by area and third largest landlocked country after Mongolia and Kazakhstan.
  22. Second largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world after Brazil by area.
  23. Second largest country in the Middle East after Saudi Arabia.
  24. Third largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world after Brazil and Angola by area.
  25. France proper includes the 5 overseas regions. Source gives Metropolitan France an area of 543940 km² and lists them separately, whole areas come to 89176 km². This doesn't include the this doesn't include the overseas territories: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Martin, Wallis and Futuna, French Southern and Antarctic Lands and the uninhabited Clipperton Island.
  26. Second largest country in Europe after Russia.
  27. Largest island country in Africa
  28. Second largest country in Oceania after Australia.
  29. Largest Nordic country in the world and largest country in Scandinavia.
  30. Includes Adelie Land.
  31. Second largest microstate in the world.
  32. Second largest microstate in the world after the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
  33. Third largest Russian-speaking country in the world after Russia and Kazakhstan by area.
  34. Smallest country located entirely in South America
  35. Smallest island country in the world.
  36. Smallest country in the world with a coastline.
  37. A part of New Zealand
  38. Smallest country in the world and smallest country in Europe.