List of kings of Greece

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The Kingdom of Greece was ruled by the House of Wittelsbach between 1832 and 1862 and by the House of Glücksburg from 1862 to 1924. The monarchy was abolished during the Second Hellenic Republic for a short time. The monarchy was soon brought back and ruled from 1935 to 1973, when it was abolished and replaced by the Third Hellenic Republic.

List of kingsEdit

House of WittelsbachEdit

Name
Reign
Duration as Monarch Portrait Arms Birth
Parentage
Marriage(s)
Issue
Death Succession right Title
Otto
(Ὄθων)
27 May 1832[1][2]

23 October 1862
30 years, 149 days     1 June 1815
Salzburg, Austria

Son of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Amalia of Oldenburg
22 December 1836

no children
26 July 1867
Bamberg, Bavaria
aged 52
 • Chosen by the Great Powers King of Greece
(Βασιλεὺς τῆς Ἑλλάδος)

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-GlücksburgEdit

Name
Reign
Duration as Monarch Portrait Arms Birth
Parentage
Marriage(s)
Issue
Death Succession right Title
George I
(Γεώργιος Αʹ)
30 March 1863

18 March 1913
49 years, 353 days     24 December 1845
Copenhagen, Denmark

Son of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse
Olga Constantinovna of Russia
27 October 1867

8 children
18 March 1913
Thessaloniki, Ottoman Empire[3]
aged 67
 • Seventh cousin once removed through William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Elected King of the Greeks.
King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Constantine I
(Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ)
18 March 1913

11 June 1917
4 years, 85 days     2 August 1868
Athens, Kingdom of Greece

Son of George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia
Sophia of Prussia
27 October 1889

6 children
11 January 1923 Palermo, Kingdom of Italy
aged 54
 • Son of George I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Alexander
(Ἀλέξανδρος)
11 June 1917

25 October 1920
3 years, 136 days     1 August 1893 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Son of Constantine I of Greece and Sophia of Prussia
Aspasia Manos
17 November 1919
1 child[4]
25 October 1920 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
aged 27
 • Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Constantine I
(Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ)
19 December 1920

27 September 1922
1 year, 282 days     2 August 1868
Athens, Kingdom of Greece

Son of George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia
Sophia of Prussia
27 October 1889

6 children
11 January 1923 Palermo, Kingdom of Italy
aged 54
 • Son of George I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
George II
(Γεώργιος Βʹ)
27 September 1922

5 March 1924
1 year, 160 days     19 July 1890 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Son of Constantine I of Greece and Sophia of Prussia
Elisabeth of Romania
27 February 1921
no children
1 April 1947 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
aged 56
 • Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)

House of Glücksburg (restored)Edit

Name
Reign
Duration as Monarch Portrait Arms Birth
Parentage
Marriage(s)
Issue
Death Succession right Title
George II
(Γεώργιος Βʹ)
3 November 1935

1 April 1947
11 years, 149 days     19 July 1890 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Son of Constantine I of Greece and Sophia of Prussia
Divorced
6 July 1935
1 April 1947 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
aged 56
 • Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Paul
(Παῦλος)
1 April 1947

6 March 1964
16 years, 340 days     14 December 1901 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Son of Constantine I of Greece and Sophia of Prussia
Frederica of Hanover
9 January 1938
3 children
6 March 1964 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
aged 62
 • Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Constantine II
(Κωνσταντῖνος Βʹ)
6 March 1964

1 June 1973
9 years, 87 days     2 June 1940 Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Son of Paul of Greece and Frederica of Hanover
Anne-Marie of Denmark
18 September 1964
5 children
Living; 81  • Son of Paul King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)

NotesEdit

  1. Protocol signed in 1832 but landed in Greece on 6 February 1833.
  2. Dates are in the New Style Gregorian calendar. The Old Style Julian calendar was used in Greece till Alexander's lifetime.
  3. At the time of the King's assassination, Thessaloniki was in occupied Ottoman territory. The city was recognized as part of the Kingdom of Greece by the Treaty of Bucharest (1913) five months afterwards.
  4. For more information, see this page.