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Macbeth of Scotland

King of Scotland

Macbeth (Mac Bethad mac Findlaích in Gaelic) was King of Scotland from 1040-1057.[1] William Shakespeare wrote a famous play about him called Macbeth. In the play, Macbeth is an evil king who murders his cousin so he can become king.[2] In real life, Macbeth was more peaceful than this, though he did kill King Duncan I of Scotland.[3]

Macbeth or MacBeth
King of Scots
Macbeth, king of Scots.jpg
ReignAugust 17th 1040 - August 17th 1057
PredecessorDuncan I, king of Scots[3]
SuccessorLulach, king of Scots[1]
Bornc. 1005
DiedAugust 15th or 17th 1057
IssueFerchar Og, prince of Scots (possibly)
Lulach (stepson)
FatherFinlay MacRoray
MotherDonalda, daughter of Malcolm II

BirthEdit

Macbeth was probably born around 1005 in Morayshire, Scotland.[1] His name in Gaelic was "Mac Bethad mac Findlaích" (in modern Gaelic, it is MacBheatha mac Fhionnlaigh).[4] His father was Findláech mac Ruaidrí, Mormaer of Moray.[1] When Macbeth was born, he became Mormaer of Moray. Macbeth's mother, Donada, may have been Malcolm II's second daughter.[1]

MarriageEdit

In 1032, before he became king, Macbeth married Gruoch of Scotland (called "Lady Macbeth" in English).[5] They remained married until his death in 1057. She died three years later, in 1060.[5]

ChildrenEdit

Macbeth may have had one child with Gruoch, but this is not certain. This child was Ferchar Og, Prince of Scots.[source?]

Macbeth did have a stepson, Lulach, who succeeded him as king but died in 1058.[6]

King of ScotsEdit

On August 17th, 1040, Macbeth murdered King Duncan I in battle and was crowned King of Scotland.[3] His reign continued until August 15th or 17th, when he was murdered in another battle. His stepson Lulach became king in Macbeth's place.

In 1058, Lulach was murdered in battle by his cousin Malcolm III, who then became king.

BurialEdit

Macbeth's burial most likely took place soon after his death. He was buried in Iona, Scotland. This is a place where many kings have been buried, starting with the mythical first King of Scots, Kenneth MacAlpin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Macbeth (c. 1005 – 1057)". History: Historic Figures. BBC.
  2. Shakespeare, William (July 1, 2003). Macbeth. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743477103.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Johnson, Ben. "Duncan and MacBeth". Historic UK: The History and Heritage Accommodation Guide. Historic UK 2017.
  4. "Macbeth of Scotland". New World Encyclopedia. August 25, 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Gruoch (fl. 1020 – 1054)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research, Inc. 2002. ISBN 978-0787637361.
  6. "The House of Moray: Lulach 'The Simple,' 1057–1058". Scottish Monarchs. 2004.