part of North Africa

The Maghreb (Arabic: المغرب العربي al-Maġrib al-ʿArabī)[1] is the western part of the Arab world. It is in North Africa. The term is generally applied to all of Mauritania, Western Sahara, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, but in older Arabic usage meant only the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). Historically, some writers also included Muslim ruled regions in Spain, Portugal, Sicily and Malta in the definition. Malta, in particular, still speaks a language based on its own Maghrebi Arabic variety: Maltese.

Modern Maghreb


  1. also rendered Maghrib (or rarely Moghreb), meaning "place of sunset" or "western" in Arabic

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