Magnoliids

clade of flowering plants

Magnoliids (or Magnoliidae or Magnolianae) are a group of flowering plants.[1] They are descendants of the earliest flowering plants: they keep some features which look like those of conifers.

Magnoliids
Asimina triloba - pawpaw - desc-flower.jpg
Flower of Asimina triloba
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
Magnoliids
Orders

The group include magnolias, nutmeg, bay laurel, cinnamon, avocado, black pepper, tulip tree and many others. They have three-part flowers, pollen with one pore, and usually branching-veined leaves.

The magnoliids has today about 9,000 species of flowering plants. The group has many food crops (such as avocados) and many with psychotropic effects. The famous Polynesian drink kava is prepared from a magnoliad, and nutmeg fruits are a source of the hallucinogen myristicin.

Psychotropic effects are usually a defence against herbivory.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Palmer, Jeffrey D.; Soltis, Douglas E.; Chase, Mark W. (2004). "The plant tree of life: an overview and some points of view". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1437–1445 (Fig.2). doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1437. PMID 21652302.