island in the Lesser Antilles, overseas region and department of France

Martinique is an island in the Caribbean Sea. It has an area of 1,128 km². Nearly 400,000 people live there.

A map of Martinique
Flag of Martinique

Martinique was known by indigenous peoples of the Caribbean as Madiana or Madinina.[1] It was colonized by the French in the 17th century, and they introduced racist slavery there as they spread it all around the world. France still claims to own the island today, even though there has been an independence movement.

The capital city is Fort-de-France. Other towns include Sainte-Anne and St. Pierre (which was destroyed by a volcano named Mont Pelée in 1902 and killed 30,000 people).

A protest in Martinique against poisoning by pesticides

Martinique is well known for its zouk music. Artists such as Kassav' have made it famous over the years.[2] Frantz Fanon, an important anti-colonial revolutionary, was born there.

Coat of arms of Martinque

The ethnic makeup of the country is: 90% African and Mixed African with anything from Chinese, East Indian or White. and 10% White, Amerindian, Chinese and East Indian.



  1. Cornevin, Robert. "Martinique". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2020-11-08.
  2. Chaville, Évelyne (2019-06-03). "40th anniversary of Kassav': fans were satisfied in Guadeloupe and Martinique". Kariculture. Archived from the original on 2019-08-04. Retrieved 2020-11-08.

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