Persian: مشهد ‹Mašhad›
City of paradise (Shahre behesht)
|Mashhad-Sanabad-Toos||818 AD (Martyrdom Of Imam Reza)|
|• Mayor (Ŝahrdār)||Ghasem Taghizadeh Khamesi|
|• City||458 km2 (177 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,946 km2 (1,524 sq mi)|
|Elevation||985 m (3,232 ft)|
|• Population Rank in Iran||2nd|
|Over 25 million pilgrims and tourists per year|
|Time zone||UTC+3:30 (IRST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+4:30 (IRDT)|
Before the 9th century, Mashhad was a small village but became prosperous after imam Reza was killed and buried there by Al-Ma'mun the Abbasid caliph. Mashhad turned into a famous town, in the time of Shah IsmailI of the Safavid dynasty (1501) and later Nader Shah of his Empire chose Mashhad as his capital. Mashhad has remained one of Iran's most important cities till this day even with the relocation of the capital to Tehran.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mashhad.|
- "Sacred Sites: Mashhad, Iran". sacredsites.com. Retrieved 2006-03-13.