This article does not have any sources. (February 2022)
Under his rule, power was concentrated in the hands of a select few, and the people had no power to express their opinions or to select their public officials. Wealth was likewise concentrated in the hands of the few, and injustice was everywhere in the cities and the countryside alike
The revolution was characterized by several socialist, liberal, anarchist, populist, and agrarian movements. Over time, it changed from a simple revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war.
- Joseph, Gilbert and Jürgen Buchenau. Mexico's Once and Future Revolution. Durham: Duke University Press 2013, 1
- Gentleman, Judith. "Mexico since 1910". Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, vol. 4, 15.
- Friedrich Katz, The Secret War in Mexico.
- Lieuwen, Edwin. Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Military. Westport: Greenwood Press 1981; reprint of University of New Mexico Press 1968