Mongoloid is a term used for a group of people from East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Siberia, the Americas, and the Pacific Islands. It is a racial group that includes people with certain characteristics.
The term mongoloid was introduced by 18th century ethnologist Johann Blumenbach to describe Central Asian and East Asian part of a three part division of race: Mongoloid, Caucasoid, and Negroid. Some forensic anthropologists and other scientists continue to use such terms
In addition, Mongoloid had a second usage, now generally avoided as highly offensive. Until the late 20th century, people with Down syndrome were often referred to as "Mongoloids" or in terms of "Mongolian idiocy" or "Mongolian imbecility". Down syndrome has nothing to do with Mongolid people: it is a genetic condition found in all types of humans.
- Adams, Bradley J. 2007. Forensic Anthropology. Chelsea House, p44. ISBN 978-0-7910-9198-2
- Blumenbach, Johann. The Anthropological treatises of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach. London: Longman Green, 1865. (the original German texts were published in 1775 and 1776)