Mongoloid (race)

race
A book of 1941 showed these pictures of "Mongoloid" people.

Mongoloid was a word used for a person in a racial group that includes people from East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arctic, the Americas, and the Pacific Islands.

The word mongoloid was introduced by 18th century ethnologists to describe Southeast Asia and East Asian part of a three part division of race: Mongoloid, Caucasoid, and Negroid. Some forensic anthropologists continue to use the word in criminal cases but their usage is now discouraged by most anthropologists due to the questionable nature of such models.

In addition, Mongoloid had a second usage, now generally avoided as highly offensive. Until the late 20th century, people with Down syndrome were often referred to as "Mongoloids" or in terms of "Mongolian idiocy" or "Mongolian imbecility". Down syndrome has nothing to do with Mongoloid people: it is a genetic condition found in all types of humans.

Map of human races (Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 1885–1890)
Caucasoid:     Aryans     Semitic     Hamitic
Negroid:     African Negro     Khoikhoi     Melanesian     Negrito     Australoid
Uncertain:     Dravida & Sinhalese
Mongoloid:     North Mongol     Chinese & Indochinese     Korean & Japanese     Tibetan & Burmese     Malay     Polynesian     Maori     Micronesian     Eskimo & Inuit     American


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