British overseas territory in the Caribbean

Montserrat is a Caribbean island and a British Overseas Territory. Its governor is Deborah Barnes-Jones. Officially, the capital is Plymouth, but the government has moved to Brades after Chances Peak erupted, destroying Plymouth in 1995.

Before the island was called Montserrat, Kalinago and Taíno people had lived in the region for a long time. They knew it as Alliouagana.[1]

Coat of arms of Montserrat
Montserrat In North American

Montserrat was colonised mostly by Irish Catholics.[2] They brought many black slaves to the island and forced them to work on sugar plantations.[3] The work the slaves made many plantations grow wealthy. When slavery was made illegal in the 1830s, the British Empire paid all the slave owners.[4]


  1. "Montserrat - History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  2. Hogan, Liam; McAtackney, Laura; Reilly, Matthew C. (2016-02-29). "The Irish in the Anglo-Caribbean: servants or slaves?". History Ireland. Archived from the original on 2021-01-23. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  3. Ryzewski, Krysta; Cherry, John F. (2015). "Struggles of a Sugar Society: Surveying Plantation-Era Montserrat, 1650–1850". International Journal of Historical Archaeology. 19 (2): 356–383. doi:10.1007/s10761-015-0292-7. ISSN 1092-7697. JSTOR 24572794. S2CID 144561731.
  4. "Legacies of British Slave-ownership". UCL Department of History. Retrieved 2020-12-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)