British overseas territory in the Caribbean

Montserrat is a Caribbean island and a British Overseas Territory. Its governor is Deborah Barnes-Jones. Officially, the capital is Plymouth, but the government has moved to Brades after Chances Peak erupted, destroying Plymouth in 1995.

Anthem: God the Save King
Location of Montserrat
ISO 3166 codeMS

Before the island was called Montserrat, Kalinago and Taíno people had lived in the region for a long time. They knew it as Alliouagana.[1]

Montserrat was colonised mostly by Irish Catholics.[2] They brought many black slaves to the island and forced them to work on sugar plantations.[3] The work the slaves made many plantations grow wealthy. When slavery was made illegal in the 1830s, the British Empire paid all the slave owners.[4]


  1. "Montserrat - History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  2. Hogan, Liam; McAtackney, Laura; Reilly, Matthew C. (2016-02-29). "The Irish in the Anglo-Caribbean: servants or slaves?". History Ireland. Archived from the original on 2021-01-23. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  3. Ryzewski, Krysta; Cherry, John F. (2015). "Struggles of a Sugar Society: Surveying Plantation-Era Montserrat, 1650–1850". International Journal of Historical Archaeology. 19 (2): 356–383. doi:10.1007/s10761-015-0292-7. ISSN 1092-7697. JSTOR 24572794. S2CID 144561731.
  4. "Legacies of British Slave-ownership". UCL Department of History. Retrieved 2020-12-01.