Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus of the body

The nervous system is a body system which sends signals around the body. It lets animals respond to what is around them. The central nervous system is the brain, the spinal cord, and nerves.[1] It is present in almost all animals. It is there to process the input from the senses, and to to coordinate movement.[2]

Illustration of how pain travels to the brain, from René Descartes's Treatise of Man

The nervous system is made up of neurons. Other cells, such as glial cells keep the neurons safe and healthy.[3]

The structure of the system includes the brain and spinal cord, which together are called the central nervous system.[2] The brain has billions of nerve cells to help think, walk, and breathe.[4] The nervous system can react in 1/100 of a second to a stimulus, like a pain signal.[4]

The system of nerves in your body that sends messages for controlling movement and feeling between the brain and the other parts of the body anatomy of nervous systems can be sub-divided as follows:[2][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Organization of the Nervous System". Cancer.gov. National Cancer Institute. Retrieved January 20, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Kandel ER, Schwartz JH, Jessel TM (2000). "Ch. 17: The anatomical organization of the central nervous system". Principles of Neural Science. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 978-0-8385-7701-1.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. Allen NJ, Barres BA (2009). "Neuroscience: Glia - more than just brain glue". Nature. 457 (7230): 675–7. doi:10.1038/457675a. PMID 19194443.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kandel ER, Schwartz JH, Jessel TM (2000). "Ch. 2: Nerve cells and behavior". Principles of Neural Science. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 978-0-8385-7701-1.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. "The Peripheral Nervous System". Cancer.gov. National Cancer Institute. Retrieved January 20, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)