New Jersey Transit
New Jersey Transit Corporation, known as NJ Transit (NJT), is a state-owned public transportation system that serves New Jersey. It operates bus, rail, and commuter rail services throughout the state. It connects New York and Philadelphia.
|Locale||New Jersey (statewide), New York, Rockland and Orange counties in New York State, and Philadelphia County in Pennsylvania.|
|Transit type||Commuter rail, light rail, bus|
|Number of lines||11 (commuter rail)|
3 (light rail)
|Number of stations||162 (rail)|
60 (light rail)
27 (bus terminals)
18,000+ (bus stops)
|Daily ridership||940,877 (weekday)|
(2007 figures, all modes)
|Chief executive||Dennis J. Martin|
|Headquarters||1 Penn Plaza East, Newark, NJ 07105|
|Began operation||July 17, 1979|
|Operator(s)||Commuter rail: See rail article|
Bus: See bus article
Light Rail: See light rail article
|Number of vehicles||2,477 (bus)|
1,078 (commuter rail)
93 (light rail)
|System length||536 miles (863 km) (rail); 107 miles (172 km) (light rail)|
NJT is the largest statewide system for public transporation and the third largest provider of bus and rail.
NJT was founded on July 17, 1979 by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT). It was to address many transportation issues.
In 1983, NJT assumed operation of all commuter rail service in New Jersey from Conrail. It now operates every passenger and commuter rail line in the state except for Amtrak; the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH), which is owned by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey; the PATCO Speedline; two SEPTA Regional Rail lines, the West Trenton Line and the Trenton Line; and a handful of tourist trains in the southern and northwestern parts of New Jersey. Since inception, rail ridership has quadrupled.
During Hurricane Sandy in October 2012, the rail operations center of NJ Transit was flooded by 8 feet (2.4 m) of water.
The Governor of New Jersey appoints a seven-member Board of Directors.
NJT's operations are divided into three classes: bus, rail, and light rail.
NJT operates 871 bus routes using 2,477 buses 
NJT operates three light rail lines:
- Hudson-Bergen Light Rail – a 24-stop 20.6 miles (33.2 km) multi-branch line along the Gold Coast from Bayonne to North Bergen, with a major stop at Hoboken Terminal, all in Hudson County. The fleet consists of 52 Kinki Sharyo electric light rail vehicles owned by NJT and operated under contract by 21st Century Rail.
- Newark Light Rail – two segments serving Newark and the surrounding area. The Newark City Subway has 12 stops, is 4.3 miles (6.9 km) long, connecting Newark Penn Station to North Newark and Bloomfield. The Broad Street Extension has five stops, is 1.0 mile (1.6 km) long, and connects Newark Penn Station to Newark Broad Street Station. The fleet consists of 21 Kinki Sharyo electric light rail vehicles owned and operated by the Central Division of NJT Bus Operations.
- River Line – a 21-stop 34 miles (55 km) line from Trenton to Camden along the Delaware River, mostly along the Bordentown Secondary line formerly owned by Conrail and CSX. The fleet consists of 20 Stadler GTW diesel light rail vehicles owned by NJT and operated under contract by Southern New Jersey Rail Group.
NJT has 11 commuter rail lines:
- Atlantic City Line
- Bergen County Line
- Main Line
- Meadowlands Rail Line
- Montclair-Boonton Line
- Morris & Essex Lines, consisting of:
- North Jersey Coast Line
- Northeast Corridor Line (includes the Princeton Branch)
- Pascack Valley Line
- Raritan Valley Line
Their rolling stock consists of GE/Avco Arrow III EMUs, Bombardier/Alstom Comet series coaches and Bombardier multilevel coaches. Their electric locomotive fleet consists of Bombardier ALP-46 locomotives, while their diesel locomotive fleet consists of EMD GP40, EMD F40PH, Alstom PL42AC, and Bombardier ALP-45DP locomotives.
The New Jersey Transit Police Department (NJTPD) is the transit police force for NJT. It is a general-powers police agency with statewide jurisdiction with the primary focus on policing the numerous bus depots, rail, and light-rail stations throughout New Jersey. It employs 240 sworn police officers.
Repair, recovery and resiliency projectsEdit
Superstorm Sandy, on October 29, 2012, caused a 13-foot tidal surge that damaged many coastal communities.. The storm's aftermath left damaged tracks, moved bridge girders, and flooded rail stations.  NJT has proposed the construction of a new generator in the Kearny Meadows that would be flood-proof. and support an electrical "micro-grid" that would be exclusively for train service.
Bus rapid transitEdit
Bus rapid transit in New Jersey is plentiful.
NJT is planning to extend the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail to Englewood or Tenafly .
The Glassboro–Camden Line is a 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system planned for southwestern part of New Jersey in the United States. At its northern end in Camden it will connect with the River LINE with which its infrastructure and vehicles will be compatible. At the northern terminus, the Walter Rand Transportation Center, paid transfers will be possible to the PATCO Speedline.
The West Trenton Line is a proposed service connecting Trenton to Newark. NJT's estimate of the cost was $197 million. To date, no money has been given.
Passaic-Bergen Rail LineEdit
The Passaic-Bergen Passenger Rail Project would reintroduce passenger service on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway right-of-way between Hawthorne and Hackensack using new Diesel Multiple Unit rail cars.
The Monmouth-Ocean-Middlesex line is a proposed south and central New Jersey commuter rail route to New Brunswick, Newark and New York's Penn Station. This would restore service previously provided by the Central Railroad of New Jersey. It would run on a 40.1-mile rail train line. It would providec service from Monmouth Junction (South Brunswick) to Lakehurst .
From Monmouth Junction the line would continue southeast to Jamesburg, Monroe, Englishtown, Manalapan, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Howell and Farmingdale. Passengers for New York would transfer at Newark. Eight new stations and a train storage yard would be constructed.
In August 2010, NJT received $534,375 in Federal Funds to see if there are possibilities of a MOM line. Since that time there has been no further advancement of the project. 
In November 2008, the Lehigh Valley Economic Development Corporation started a study to explore making the Raritan Valley Line to the Lehigh_Valley region of eastern Pennsylvania. It could lead to stops in Allentown, Bethlehem and Easton. These cities were last served in 1967.
Newark-Elizabeth Rail LinkEdit
It was planned to connect the Downtown portion of Newark with Elizabeth via Newark Liberty International Airport. NJT is no longer pursuing the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "NTD filings for New Jersey Transit" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
- ↑ Vantuono, William C. "New Jersey's innovators: New Jersey Transit's billion-dollar capital budget is focused on creating a unified, statewide network of commuter and light rail lines. New technologies are a key part of that strategy", Railway_Age, April 2004. Accessed August 22, 2007. "In late 2003, 20 years after portions of the Pennsylvania, Erie-Lackawanna, Jersey Central, and Lehigh Valley railroads or their successors were combined to form the nation's third-largest commuter rail system, Secaucus Junction opened."
- ↑ "Jersey Transit Strong". Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- ↑ "New Jersey Transit 2004 Annual Report, Page 6" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
- ↑ "Sandy pummels West Virginia as grueling recovery begins on East Coast". CNN. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- ↑ "Board". NJ Transit. Archived from the original on 2 September 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- ↑ "New Jersey Transit Corporation's After Hurricane Sandy Action Report" (PDF). Texas A&M Engineering Extension Service. December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- ↑ McGrath, Matthew; Hayes, Melissa (December 24, 2013). "NJ Transit ignored flood warning before Superstorm Sandy, report confirms". The Record. Archived from the original on 2013-12-26. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- ↑ Frassinelli, Mike (December 24, 2013). "Review of NJ Transit's response to Sandy finds need for more coordination, places to shelter trains". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- ↑ "Superstorm Sandy Recovery". NJT. Archived from the original on 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- ↑ Rouse, Karen (January 9, 2014). "NJ Transit hires firm to design train haven". The Record. Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
- ↑ Frassinelli, Mike (January 8, 2014). "Scarred by Sandy, NJ Transit to get permanent home to store trains". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
- ↑ Duger, Rose (March 7, 2014). "NJ Transit proposal to build South Kearny generator 'chills' development hopes". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
- ↑ Meadows redevelopment ratables at risk. The Observer. Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
- ↑ Rouse, Karen (2009-07-19). "Going with electric trains". The Record. Archived from the original on 2009-07-21. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
- ↑ "Fact Sheet 2013" (PDF). Glassboro-Camden Line. DVPA & PATCO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-08-19. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- ↑ "NJ Transit Board Advances South Jersey Transportation Projects" (Press release). New Jersey Transit. December 9, 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 West Trenton Line Archived 2009-05-22 at the Wayback Machine, accessed December 21, 2006
- ↑ "New Jersey Transit". Njtransit.com. 2007-04-18. Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- ↑ "NJ Transit to expand passenger train service". NorthJersey.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2009. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- ↑ PETOIA: It's time to fast-track MOM line | The Asbury Park Press NJ. app.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
- ↑ "DEIS-MOM Map of Alternatives". ocean.nj.us. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
- ↑ "New tunnel may add riders to MOM Line - eb.gmnews.com - East Brunswick Sentinel". gmnews.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
- ↑ New Jersey News | The Asbury Park Press NJ. app.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
- ↑ "Federal dollars to fund rail study - nt.gmnews.com - News Transcript". gmnews.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
- ↑ Once-proposed Monmouth-Ocean-Middlesex rail line gathers dust. NJ.com (2014-01-22). Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
- ↑ Robbins, Christopher (January 22, 2014). "Once-proposed Monmouth-Ocean-Middlesex rail line gathers dust". NJ.com. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
- ↑ "County eyes N.J. rail extension to area," The Morning Call, November 7, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- ↑ Joseph Corso, The Central Railroad of New Jersey http://www.jcrhs.org/cnj.html
- ↑ "Jersey Central: Coal, Commuters, and a Comet" Classic Trains, Winter 2011 http://ctr.trains.com/~/media/Files/PDF/CNJ-Winter2010.pdf Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
- ↑ "The Central Railroad of New Jersey, The Big Little Railroad" AmericanRails.com http://www.american-rails.com/central-railroad-of-new-jersey.html