Nicholas II of Russia

Emperor of All the Russias, Grand Duke of Finland and King of Poland By the Grace of God
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Nicholas II of Russia, (May 18, 1868July 17, 1918) was the last Tsar or Emperor of the Russian Empire. He became Tsar in 1894 after his father, Tsar Alexander III died. He married Princess Alix of Hesse, who was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and they had five children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexi. Alexi suffered from a disease called haemophilia, which caused his parents great sadness.

Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias
Nicholas II of Russia painted by Earnest Lipgart.jpg
Reign1 November 1894 – 15 March 1917
PredecessorAlexander III of Russia
SuccessorEmpire ended, next Russian Head of State and Government is Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
Born18 May 1868
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died17 July 1918 age 50
Yekaterinburg, Russia
IssueGrand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duke Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich
HouseHouse of Romanov
FatherAlexander III of Russia
MotherDagmar Maria Fyodrovna of Denmark

World War I created many problems for Russia and the Tsar. In the 1917 Russian Revolution he abdicated (gave up being Tsar) in March of that year.[1] He and his family were held as prisoners under house arrest. On July 17, 1918, Nicholas, his wife, and their children were killed by a firing squad. In 1981, the Tsar and his family were made Saints by the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1990, the bones of the Tsar and his family were found in the woods and given a proper burial in 1998.[2]


  1. "The Execution of Tsar Nicholas II, 1918". Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  2. "Romanovs laid to rest". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-12-22.

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