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Nicolás Maduro

53rd President of Venezuela

Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician who has been the 46th President of Venezuela since 2013. He previously was the Vice President of Venezuela and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Maduro became interim President following the death of Hugo Chávez.

Nicolás Maduro
Nicolás Maduro, president of Venezuela (2016) cropped.jpg
Maduro in 2019
President of Venezuela
Disputed
Assumed office
5 March 2013
Interim: 5 March 2013 – 19 April 2013
Disputed with Juan Guaidó from 11 January 2019
Vice PresidentJorge Arreaza (2013–2016)
Aristóbulo Istúriz (2016–2017)
Tareck El Aissami (2017–2018)
Delcy Rodríguez (2018–)
Preceded byHugo Chávez
Succeeded byJuan Guaidó (acting) (recognized by the National Assembly)
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
Assumed office
17 September 2016
Preceded byHassan Rouhani
President pro tempore of the Union of South American Nations
In office
23 April 2016 – 21 April 2017
Preceded byTabaré Vázquez
Succeeded byMauricio Macri
Vice President of Venezuela
In office
13 October 2012 – 5 March 2013
PresidentHugo Chávez
Preceded byElías Jaua
Succeeded byJorge Arreaza
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
9 August 2006 – 15 January 2013
PresidentHugo Chávez
Preceded byAlí Rodríguez Araque
Succeeded byElías Jaua
President of the National Assembly of Venezuela
In office
5 January 2005 – 7 August 2006
Preceded byFrancisco Ameliach
Succeeded byCilia Flores
Personal details
Born
Nicolás Maduro Moros

(1962-11-23) 23 November 1962 (age 56)
Caracas, Venezuela
Political partyUnited Socialist Party (2007–present)
Fifth Republic Movement (before 2007)
Spouse(s)Adriana Guerra Angulo (div.)
Cilia Flores (m. 2013)
ChildrenNicolás Maduro Guerra
ResidenceMiraflores Palace
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website

On 14 April 2013, Maduro was elected President of Venezuela, narrowly defeating Henrique Capriles, with 1.5% of the vote separating the two candidates. Capriles demanded a recount, refusing to recognize the outcome as valid.[1]

Maduro was born on 23 November 1962 in Caracas, Venezuela. Maduro was raised as a Roman Catholic, and his paternal family ancestry is of Sephardic Jewish origin.[2] He is married to Cilia Flores. Before Maduro became a politician, he was a bus driver in Caracas.

In 2013, Maduro denied rumors of homophobia. He stated that if he were gay he would "shout it to the four winds". He said that "I would have no problem loving whoever I had to love with my heart". He also stated that the Chávez government had supported LGBT rights starting from 14 years ago, promoting inclusion and non-discrimination.[3][4]

In March 2016, Maduro endorsed United States senator Bernie Sanders for President of the United States.[5]

In January 2017 Maduro endorsed the murder of Venezuelan dissident Óscar Pérez in what has been named as the Raid in El Junquito[6]. The international media and some politicians & citizens all over the world defined what has happened in El Junquito as a massacre. They harshly criticized about Maduro & his government.

Despite calls to resign as president when his first term ended on 10 January 2019, Maduro inaugurated himself. This caused many people to be angry across the world and caused the National Assembly to call for a State of emergency. Many countries removed their embassies from Venezuela. Many believe that his election was illegitimate, they claimed that by retaking power, Maduro was making Venezuela into an illegal de facto dictatorship.[7][8][9][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Shoichet, Catherine (15 April 2013). "Chavez's Political Heir Declared Winner; Opponent Demands Recount". CNN. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  2. 6to Poder (30 March 2013). "Nicolás Maduro: 'Yo soy hijo de Chávez, pero no soy Chávez' (Vídeo)". Noticias Venezuela. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  3. "'Macho' Maduro's perceived gay slur stirs Venezuela – World Updates". The Star Online. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  4. "Nicolas Maduro, Venezuela Interim President, Responds to 'Anti-Gay' Allegations". Huffington Post. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  5. von Bergen, Frank (10 March 2016). "Venezuela's socialist president praises Bernie Sanders' 'revolutionary' message". Fox News Latino. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  6. BBC: Oscar Perez killed in El Junquito raid
  7. "Venezuela's Maduro starts new term, as US describes him as "usurper"". Reuters. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  8. "Alemania apoya para que asuma poder" [Germany supports Assembly taking power off Maduro]. El Nacional. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  9. "Peru, Paraguay, etc. recall diplomats after Maduro inauguration". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  10. "National Assembly declares State of Emergency with the usurpation of Maduro as President". Asamblea Nacional. Retrieved 10 January 2019.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Nicolás Maduro at Wikimedia Commons