Nicolás Maduro

President of Venezuela since 2013

Nicolás Maduro Moros (Spanish: [nikoˈlas maˈðuɾo ˈmoɾos] (audio speaker iconlisten); born 13 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician who has been the 48th President of Venezuela since 2013. He was previously the 20th Vice President of Venezuela from 2012 and the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2013. Maduro was also the 3rd President of the National Assembly of Venezuela from 2005 to 2006. He became the acting president following the death of Hugo Chávez.

Nicolás Maduro
Maduro in 2015
48th President of Venezuela
Assumed office
19 April 2013
Acting: 5 March – 19 April 2013
Disputed with Juan Guaidó from 10 January 2019 – 5 January 2023
Vice President
See list
Preceded byHugo Chávez
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
17 September 2016 – 25 October 2019
Preceded byHassan Rouhani
Succeeded byIlham Aliyev
President pro tempore of UNASUR
In office
23 April 2016 – 21 April 2017
Preceded byTabaré Vázquez
Succeeded byMauricio Macri
20th Vice President of Venezuela
In office
13 October 2012 – 19 April 2013
  • Hugo Chávez
  • Himself (Acting)
Preceded byElías Jaua
Succeeded byJorge Arreaza
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
9 August 2006 – 15 January 2013
PresidentHugo Chávez
Preceded byAlí Rodríguez Araque
Succeeded byElías Jaua
3rd President of the National Assembly of Venezuela
In office
5 January 2005 – 7 August 2006
Preceded byFrancisco Ameliach
Succeeded byCilia Flores
Member of the National Assembly of Venezuela
for Capital District
In office
3 August 2000 – 7 August 2006
2nd President of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela
Assumed office
5 March 2013
Vice PresidentDiosdado Cabello
Preceded byHugo Chávez
Personal details
Born (1962-11-13) 13 November 1962 (age 61)
Caracas, Republic of Venezuela
Political partyUnited Socialist Party of Venezuela (since 2007)
Other political
Fifth Republic Movement (until 2007)
  • Adriana Guerra Angulo (div.)
(m. 2013)

On 14 April 2013, Maduro was elected President of Venezuela, narrowly defeating Henrique Capriles, with 1.5% of the vote separating the two candidates. Capriles demanded a recount, refusing to recognize the outcome as valid.[1] However, the result was valid and Maduro was sworn in as president five days later on 19 April.

Maduro was born on 13 November 1962 in Caracas, Venezuela. Maduro was raised as a Roman Catholic, and his paternal family ancestry is of Sephardic Jewish origin.[2] He is married to Cilia Flores. Before Maduro became a politician, he was a bus driver in Caracas.

In 2013, Maduro denied rumors of homophobia. He stated that if he were gay he would "shout it to the four winds". He said that "I would have no problem loving whoever I had to love with my heart". He also stated that the Chávez government had supported LGBT rights for the past 14 years, promoting inclusion and non-discrimination.[3][4]

In March 2016, Maduro endorsed United States senator Bernie Sanders for President of the United States.[5]

In January 2017, Maduro endorsed the murder of Venezuelan dissident Óscar Pérez in what has been named as the Raid in El Junquito.[6] The international media and some politicians & citizens all over the world defined what has happened in El Junquito as a massacre. They harshly criticized about Maduro & his government.

Despite calls to resign as president when his first term ended on 10 January 2019, Maduro inaugurated himself. This caused many people to be angry across the world and caused the National Assembly to call for a State of emergency. Many countries removed their embassies from Venezuela. Many believe that his election was illegitimate, they claimed that by retaking power, Maduro was making Venezuela into an illegal de facto dictatorship.[7][8][9][10]

In 2022, Maduro has told CGTN that despite the crisis in the country, the economy has grown and will expect to grow more in the coming years. He also said that the crisis is going down.

In March 2024, Maduro has confirmed that he'll be running for a third term in the 2024 Venezuelan presidential election.[11]


  1. Shoichet, Catherine (15 April 2013). "Chavez's Political Heir Declared Winner; Opponent Demands Recount". CNN. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  2. 6to Poder (30 March 2013). "Nicolás Maduro: 'Yo soy hijo de Chávez, pero no soy Chávez' (Vídeo)". Noticias Venezuela. Archived from the original on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. "'Macho' Maduro's perceived gay slur stirs Venezuela – World Updates". The Star Online. 14 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  4. "Nicolas Maduro, Venezuela Interim President, Responds to 'Anti-Gay' Allegations". Huffington Post. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  5. von Bergen, Frank (10 March 2016). "Venezuela's socialist president praises Bernie Sanders' 'revolutionary' message". Fox News Latino. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  6. BBC: Oscar Perez killed in El Junquito raid
  7. "Venezuela's Maduro starts new term, as US describes him as "usurper"". Reuters. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  8. "Alemania apoya para que asuma poder" [Germany supports Assembly taking power off Maduro]. El Nacional. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  9. "Peru, Paraguay, etc. recall diplomats after Maduro inauguration". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  10. "National Assembly declares State of Emergency with the usurpation of Maduro as President". Asamblea Nacional. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  11. "Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro clinches nomination for upcoming national election; seeks third term". CBS News. 16 March 2024.

Other websites


  Media related to Nicolás Maduro at Wikimedia Commons