Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician who has been the 46th President of Venezuela since 2013. He previously was the Vice President of Venezuela and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Maduro became interim President following the death of Hugo Chávez.
Maduro in 2019
|President of Venezuela|
|Assumed office |
5 March 2013
Interim: 5 March 2013 – 19 April 2013
Disputed with Juan Guaidó from 11 January 2019
|Vice President||Jorge Arreaza (2013–2016)|
Aristóbulo Istúriz (2016–2017)
Tareck El Aissami (2017–2018)
Delcy Rodríguez (2018–)
|Preceded by||Hugo Chávez|
|Succeeded by||Juan Guaidó (acting) (recognized by the National Assembly)|
|Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement|
|Assumed office |
17 September 2016
|Preceded by||Hassan Rouhani|
|President pro tempore of the Union of South American Nations|
23 April 2016 – 21 April 2017
|Preceded by||Tabaré Vázquez|
|Succeeded by||Mauricio Macri|
|Vice President of Venezuela|
13 October 2012 – 5 March 2013
|Preceded by||Elías Jaua|
|Succeeded by||Jorge Arreaza|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
9 August 2006 – 15 January 2013
|Preceded by||Alí Rodríguez Araque|
|Succeeded by||Elías Jaua|
|President of the National Assembly of Venezuela|
5 January 2005 – 7 August 2006
|Preceded by||Francisco Ameliach|
|Succeeded by||Cilia Flores|
Nicolás Maduro Moros
23 November 1962
|Political party||United Socialist Party (2007–present)|
Fifth Republic Movement (before 2007)
|Spouse(s)||Adriana Guerra Angulo (div.) |
Cilia Flores (m. 2013)
|Children||Nicolás Maduro Guerra|
On 14 April 2013, Maduro was elected President of Venezuela, narrowly defeating Henrique Capriles, with 1.5% of the vote separating the two candidates. Capriles demanded a recount, refusing to recognize the outcome as valid.
Maduro was born on 23 November 1962 in Caracas, Venezuela. Maduro was raised as a Roman Catholic, and his paternal family ancestry is of Sephardic Jewish origin. He is married to Cilia Flores. Before Maduro became a politician, he was a bus driver in Caracas.
In 2013, Maduro denied rumors of homophobia. He stated that if he were gay he would "shout it to the four winds". He said that "I would have no problem loving whoever I had to love with my heart". He also stated that the Chávez government had supported LGBT rights starting from 14 years ago, promoting inclusion and non-discrimination.
In January 2017 Maduro endorsed the murder of Venezuelan dissident Óscar Pérez in the so called Raid in El Junquito. The international media and some politicians & citizens all over the world defined what has happened in El Junquito as a «massacre»» and did harsh critics to Maduro & his government.
Despite calls to resign as president when his first term ended on 10 January 2019, Maduro inaugurated himself. This caused many people to be angry across the world and caused the National Assembly to call for a State of emergency. Many countries removed their embassies from Venezuela. Many believe that his election was illegitimate, they claimed that by retaking power, Maduro was making Venezuela into an illegal de facto dictatorship.
- Shoichet, Catherine (15 April 2013). "Chavez's Political Heir Declared Winner; Opponent Demands Recount". CNN. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- 6to Poder (30 March 2013). "Nicolás Maduro: 'Yo soy hijo de Chávez, pero no soy Chávez' (Vídeo)". Noticias Venezuela. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "'Macho' Maduro's perceived gay slur stirs Venezuela – World Updates". The Star Online. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Nicolas Maduro, Venezuela Interim President, Responds to 'Anti-Gay' Allegations". Huffington Post. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- von Bergen, Frank (10 March 2016). "Venezuela's socialist president praises Bernie Sanders' 'revolutionary' message". Fox News Latino. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- BBC: Oscar Perez killed in El Junquito raid
- "Venezuela's Maduro starts new term, as US describes him as "usurper"". Reuters. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- "Alemania apoya para que asuma poder" [Germany supports Assembly taking power off Maduro]. El Nacional. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- "Peru, Paraguay, etc. recall diplomats after Maduro inauguration". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- "National Assembly declares State of Emergency with the usurpation of Maduro as President". Asamblea Nacional. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
Media related to Nicolás Maduro at Wikimedia Commons
- Ministerio del Poder Popular para Relaciones Exteriores (Venezuelan Foreign Ministry) (Spanish)
- Biography by CIDOB (Spanish)