sixth-generation home video game console by Nintendo
(Redirected from Nintendo GameCube)

The Nintendo GameCube (also called GameCube, NGC, GCN, or GC for short) is the fourth video game home console made by Nintendo. Nintendo's previous console was called the Nintendo 64. Nintendo's next console is called the Nintendo Wii, released in 2006 with models released before November 2011 being backwards compatible with GameCube games. The last game for the console was Madden NFL 08 (also released for the Wii and Nintendo DS), which was released on August 14, 2007. However, first-party development ended six months before that.

Nintendo GameCube
An indigo GameCube with 251-block memory card inside (right) and GameCube controller
Also known asDolphin (code name)
TypeHome video game console
GenerationSixth generation
Release date
Lifespan2001 (2001)–2007 (2007)
Introductory price$199[5]
  • JP: October 28, 2007
  • AU: December 3, 2007
  • EU: May 17, 2008
  • NA: June 15, 2009
Units sold
  • Worldwide: 21.74 million
  • Americas: 12.94 million
  • Japan: 4.04 million
  • Other regions: 4.77 million[6]
Operating systemProprietary Nintendo operating system
CPU32-bit IBM PowerPC 750CXe Gekko @ 486 MHz
  • 24 MB of 1T-SRAM @ 324MHz as system RAM
  • 3 MB of embedded 1T-SRAM as video RAM
  • 16 MB of DRAM as I/O buffer RAM
Removable storageGameCube memory card (16 MB max. capacity)
GraphicsATI Flipper GPU @ 162 MHz with 3MB embedded 1T-SRAM
SoundAnalog stereo (Dolby Pro Logic II)
Controller inputGameCube controller, WaveBird, Game Boy Advance, various other input devices
Online services
Dimensions150 × 161 × 110 mm[8]
5.9 × 6.3 × 4.3 in
(width × depth × height)
Mass1,400 g[8]
3 lb. 1 oz.
Best-selling gameSuper Smash Bros. Melee, Over 7 million [9]
Select Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games via Game Boy Player
PredecessorNintendo 64
WebsiteOfficial website

The GameCube also had many new features compared to other Nintendo video game consoles, and was the first Nintendo console to officially support Internet play (playing together without wires). It could also connect to the Game Boy Player to allow special features and play Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games.

The console was released on September 14, 2001 in Japan, November 18, 2001 in North America, May 3, 2002 in Europe, and May 17, 2002 in Australia. The GameCube sold 21.74 million units worldwide. It was discontinued in early 2009 to focus production on the Wii and DS.[6] The GameCube was also discontinued in Japan on October 28, 2007, Australia on December 3, 2007 and Europe on May 17, 2008.



Nintendo was originally the most popular video game company. However, in the late 1990s, the Sony PlayStation began to hurt Nintendo's business. For the first time, Nintendo's main console, which in this case was the Nintendo 64, was not the best-selling console.[10] It sold over thirty million units, which was good, but only half of what Nintendo's earlier NES did. Nintendo was starting to fear, but they decided to try again. The GameCube was essentially a really beefed up Nintendo 64. It used good and detailed 3D models, and Nintendo decided to put new games and new series on the system, rather than sticking to the same old thing. Like its name indicates, it is shaped like a cube. It also has a handle on the back.

In the end, the Nintendo GameCube did not do what Nintendo hoped it would do. It ended up selling just 21 million units, worse than the Nintendo 64.[11] The PS2 was simply the way to go at the time, simply because it could play DVDs and had a bigger game library. The GameCube sold poorly because it used special discs that no one else used and looked like a toy to many young adults.



The GameCube's controllers have two analog joysticks. In many games, one of them is used to control a character, while the other is used to control the camera, or some other secondary function. In addition to the analog sticks and the directional pad (D-pad), there are eight buttons: A, B, Y, X, L, R, Z, and Start.

Nintendo later released a wireless version of the controller, called the WaveBird. Instead of wires, it used RF signals to communicate with the console and was powered by standard AA batteries.


The Nintendo GameCube was known for its popular first games, including:


  1. "Nintendo reports record GameCube launch". CNET News. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  2. Martyn Williams (August 24, 2001). "Nintendo unveils Gamecube launch plans". CNN. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  3. "NEW MEDIA | GameCube price dropped". BBC News. April 22, 2002. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  4. Cameron, Nadia (May 20, 2002). "GameCube launch rounds out console troika". PC World. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  5. "Nintendo sets GameCube price - May 21, 2001".
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Consolidated Sales Transition by Region" (PDF). Nintendo. 2008-07-30. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  7. "Nintendo Jumps Online - IGN". 13 May 2002 – via
  8. 8.0 8.1 ニンテンドーゲームキューブ取扱説明書. Nintendo. p. 36.
  9. "At Long Last, Nintendo Proclaims: Let the Brawls Begin on Wii!" (Press release). Nintendo. March 10, 2008. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2008. The previous installment in the series, Super Smash Bros. Melee, is the best-selling game for Nintendo GameCube with 7.09 million copies sold worldwide.
  10. Minotti, Mike. "Here's who won each console war". VentureBeat. Retrieved 8 October 2023.
  11. Bonthuys, Darryn. "The Nintendo GameCube Is Twenty Years Old Today". GameSpot. Retrieved 8 October 2023.


  1. Requires the use of the Digital AV port, which was removed from later models