The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned with or against any major power bloc (group of countries). In 2019, the movement had 120 members and 25 observer countries.
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
|Coordinating Bureau||New York City, New York, U.S.|
• Principal decision-
|Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries|
|Establishment||1961 in Belgrade|
as the Conference of Heads of State of Government of Non-Aligned Countries
The group was started in Belgrade in 1961. It was created by Yugoslavia's President, Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Egypt's second President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesia's first President, Sukarno. All five leaders believed that developing countries should not help either the Western or Eastern blocs in the Cold War. They also believed that developing countries should not be capitalist or communist, but should try to find a different way to help their people.
The Havana Declaration of 1979 said that the purpose of the organization is to help countries keep their "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neocolonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics." This means that they wanted to govern their countries without the main capitalist powers nor the major socialist states telling them how.
The countries of the non-aligned movement are nearly two-thirds of the United Nations's members and 55% of the world population.
Between summits, the Non-Aligned Movement is run by the secretary-general elected at last summit meeting. As a considerable part of the movement's work is undertaken at the United Nations in New York, the chair country's ambassador to the UN is expected to devote time and effort to matters concerning the Non-Aligned Movement. The Coordinating Bureau, also based at the UN, is the main instrument for directing the work of the movement's task forces, committees and working groups.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Brunei Darussalam
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Dominican Republic
- Equatorial Guinea
- Ivory Coast
- North Korea
- Papua New Guinea
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- São Tomé and Príncipe
- Saudi Arabia
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- Sri Lanka
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Arab Emirates
- Cyprus Cyprus is a founding member of NAM and on 2004 Cyprus ceased their membership along with Malta when they became a member of the European Union.
- Malta Malta officially joined the Non Aligned Movement in 1974 and on 2004 ceased their membership along with Cyprus when they became a member of the European Union.
- Yugoslavia Yugoslavia is a founding member of NAM. The Yugoslavian capital, Belgrade, is the birthplace of NAM. Yugoslavia hosted NAM's summits from 1961 to 1964 and 1989 to 1992. They withdrew from the Non Aligned Movement in 1992 along with their dissolution.
- Ukraine (Dropped Observer Status)
The following countries and organizations have observer status:
- "NAM Members & Observers" Archived 2014-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. 16th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement, Tehran, 26–31 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "The Non-Aligned Movement: Background Information". Government of Zaire. 21 September 2001. Archived from the original on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2011-05-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Fidel Castro speech to the UN in his position as chairman of the non-aligned countries movement 12 October 1979 Archived 11 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine; Pakistan & Non-Aligned Movement Archived 2006-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, Board of Investment - Government of Pakistan, 2003
- "NAM Structure". Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- Fidel Castro, having recently undergone gastric surgery, was unable to attend the conference and was represented by his younger brother, Cuba's acting president Raúl Castro. See "Castro elected President of Non-Aligned Movement Nations", People's Daily, 16-09-2006.
- "Members and Observers" (PDF). Azerbaijani Chairmanship to the Non-Aligned Movement. 20 August 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
- Member and Observer Countries Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine, Non-Aligned Movement
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Non-Aligned Movement.|
- Official website
- Official Site: 15th Summit Archived 2009-07-15 at the Wayback Machine — Fifteenth Non Aligned Movement Summit, (Sharm el Sheikh July 11–16, 2009)
- Official Site: 14th Summit Archived 2006-11-05 at the Wayback Machine — Fourteenth Non Aligned Movement Summit, (Havana, September 11–16, 2006)
- Non-Aligned Movement Archived 2006-05-16 at the Wayback Machine — Resource site
- International Institute for Non-Aligned Studies — International Organization for Non-Aligned Movement
- The Cold War International History Project's Document Collection on the NAM