Odia language

classical Indian language

Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ odiā), formerly known as Oriya,[5] is an Indo-Aryan language, mainly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha. Some parts of Odisha, mainly the Ganjam and Gajapati districts, also speak the Telugu language. The language is also an official language of India. There are about 33 million people who speak Odia.

ଓଡ଼ିଆ oḍiā
RegionOdisha, India
Native speakers
38 million (2011)[1]
Odia alphabet
Odia Braille
Official status
Official language in
 India (Odisha[2] and Jharkhand)
Language codes
ISO 639-1or
ISO 639-2ori
ISO 639-3oriinclusive code
Individual codes:
ory – Odia
spv – Sambalpuri
ort – Adivasi Odia (Kotia)
dso – Desiya (duplicate of [ort])[3]
Glottologmacr1269  partial match[4]
Spoken Odia


A recording of India appeared on the screen. This is The first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Odia:

ସବୁ ମନୁଷ୍ଯ ଜନ୍ମକାଳରୁ ସ୍ୱାଧୀନ । ସେମାନଙ୍କର ମର୍ଯ୍ୟାଦା ଓ ଅଧିକାର ସମାନ । ସେମାନଙ୍କର ପ୍ରଜ୍ଞା ଓ ବିବେକ ନିହିତ ଅଛି । ସେମାନେ ପରସ୍ପର ପ୍ରତି ଭାତୃଭାବ ପୋଷଣ କରି କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରିବା ଦରକାର ।
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.


  1. "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. Bureau, Odishatv. "Odia as official language from tomorrow; linguists doubtful on efficacy of Act | Odisha Television Limited". odishatv.in. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  3. Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Macro-Oriya". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. "PRS | Bill Track | The Constitution (113th Amendment) Bill, 2010". www.prsindia.org. Retrieved 2018-01-31.