Old Norse language
Old Norse is a Germanic language that was spoken in Scandinavia, during the Viking Age, until about 1300. It was also spoken in Iceland, the Faeroe Islands, Orkney Islands and other places that Scandinavians started settlements (similar to colonies).
|Dǫnsk tunga ("Danish tongue") |
Norrœnt mál ("Norse speech")
|Region||Nordic countries, Great Britain, Ireland, Isle of Man, Normandy, Newfoundland, the Volga and places in-between|
|Era||developed into the various North Germanic languages by the 14th century|
|Runic, later Latin (Old Norse alphabet)|
Modern Icelandic is the modern language that is the closest to Old Norse when written. Another language that is close to Old Norse, is Elfdalian. Other languages that come from Old Norse are Swedish, Danish, Faroese, and Norwegian.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Old Norse". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.