Oryzias latipes

species of fish

Oryzias latipes, also called the medaka or Japanese rice fish, is a freshwater fish that lives in small streams and waterways. Its body is grayish brown on light yellow, and it has a dark brown line on its back.

Oryzias latipes(Hamamatsu,Shizuoka,Japan,2007)-1.jpg

These fish usually lay eggs in spring and summer. They have very strong kidneys, so they can tolerate more salt than most freshwater fish. If they get used to it slowly, they can live in seawater.

These fish live about one year and several months.


They are approximately 3.5 cm long. Thier dorsal and ventral fins are far in the back of their bodies.

Relationship with humansEdit

The medaka fish spawn at about the same time of year that people put water into rice paddies, so they often live in the paddies.

Food and waterEdit

These fish eat zooplankton and the larva of mosquitoes, which live in the water.