Oxygen therapy

use of high concentrations of oxygen as medical treatment

Oxygen therapy, also called supplemental oxygen, is when oxygen gas (O2) is used for medical treatment by giving the gas to the patient for inhalation.[1] It can be used for ilnesses like hypoxia, carbon monoxide toxicity, and cluster headaches.[2] It can be used over a long time for people who suffer with illnesses that lower oxygen levels in the blood like COPD and cystic fibrosis.[3] It can be given in a few different ways such as through a nasal cannula, face mask, or inside a hyperbaric chamber.[4][5] Oxygen levels need to be high enough for respiration to keep a patient healthy and for normal cell metabolism.[6]

Oxygen therapy
Simple face mask.jpg
A person wearing a simple face mask
Clinical data
Synonymssupplemental oxygen, enriched air
AHFS/Drugs.comFDA Professional Drug Information
Routes of
administration
inhaled
Drug classmedical gas
ATC code
Identifiers
CAS Number
ChemSpider
  • none
UNII
Chemical and physical data
FormulaO2

ReferencesEdit

  1. British national formulary : BNF 69 (69 ed.). British Medical Association. 2015. pp. 217–218, 302. ISBN 9780857111562.
  2. WHO Model Formulary 2008 (PDF). World Health Organization. 2009. p. 20. ISBN 9789241547659. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 December 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  3. Jamison, Dean T.; Breman, Joel G.; Measham, Anthony R.; Alleyne, George; Claeson, Mariam; Evans, David B.; Jha, Prabhat; Mills, Anne; Musgrove, Philip (2006). Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. World Bank Publications. p. 689. ISBN 9780821361801. Archived from the original on 2017-05-10.
  4. Macintosh, Michael; Moore, Tracey (1999). Caring for the Seriously Ill Patient 2E (2 ed.). CRC Press. p. 57. ISBN 9780340705827. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18.
  5. Dart, Richard C. (2004). Medical Toxicology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 217–219. ISBN 9780781728454. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18.
  6. Peate, Ian; Wild, Karen; Nair, Muralitharan (2014). Nursing Practice: Knowledge and Care. John Wiley & Sons. p. 572. ISBN 9781118481363. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18.