People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola
The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, also known as MPLA is a left-wing political party and a popular movement from Angola. The MPLA fought against the colonial Second Portuguese Republic (Estado Novo) in the Angolan War of Independence. The party has been the dominant party in Angola since the country's independence in 1975.
|Secretary-General||Álvaro de Boavida Neto|
|Founder||Agostinho Neto, Viriato da Cruz|
|Founded||10 December 1956(64 years ago)|
|Newspaper||Jornal de Angola|
|Paramilitary wing||People's Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola|
|Ideology||Socialism, Marxism–Leninism, Populism|
|Political position||Centre-left to Far-left|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|Slogan||Peace, Work and Liberty|
During both the Portuguese Colonial War and the Angolan Civil War, the MPLA received military, political and humanitarian support primarily from the governments of Algeria, the Bulgarian, East Germany, Cape Verde, Czechoslovak, the Congo, Cuba, Guinea-Bissau, Morocco, the Mozambique, Nigeria, North Korea, the Polish People's Republic, China, the Romania, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, the Soviet Union, Sudan, Tanzania, Libya and SFR Yugoslavia. While China did briefly support the MPLA, China also actively supported UNITA and Jonas Savimbi after Sino-Soviet split.
- Howe, Herbert M (2004). Ambiguous Order: Military Forces In African States. p. 81.
- Wright, George (1997). The Destruction of a Nation: United States Policy Towards Angola Since 1945. pp. 9–10.
- Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges; Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein (1986). The Crisis in Zaire. pp. 193–194.
- "Angola-Ascendancy of the MPLA". www.mongabay.com. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
- Gebril, Mahmoud (1988), Imagery and Ideology in U.S. Policy Toward Libya 1969–1982, p. 70
- China Study Centre (India) (1964). China Report. p. 25.