Physical disability

limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina

A physical disability is a condition that limits the way the body works. For example, a physical disability may limit the way a part of the body grows, moves, or does what it is supposed to do.

Types of physical disabilitiesEdit

Congenital disabilitiesEdit

A congenital disability is a disability that a baby has when they are born, or had before they were born. These disabilities used to be called "birth defects."

The most common congenital disability is congenital heart disease - problems in the way the heart grows and works. In 2013, 34.3 million people around the world had congenital heart disease.[1] Congenital heart disease also causes more deaths than any other congenital disability. In 2013, it caused 323,000 deaths.[1]

Other examples of congenital disabilities include:[2]

Inherited disabilitiesEdit

Some types of congenital disabilities are genetic. This means the disability was "inherited," or passed down to a person, through their parents' genes.[3]

Examples of inherited physical disabilities include:[3]

Acquired disabilitiesEdit

Acquired disabilities are disabilities that people get ("acquire") after they are born. Often they are caused by injuries or illnesses. Examples of acquired physical disabilities include:

Famous people with physical disabilitiesEdit

There have been many famous people with physical disabilities. Below are some examples.

Leaders and politicians



Other famous people

Related pagesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". Lancet. 385: 117–71. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2. PMC 4340604. PMID 25530442.
  2. "Specific Birth Defects". United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. October 9, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Genetics – Genetic Inheritance". NHSChoices. National Health System of the United Kingdom. August 7, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  4. Tobin, James (2014). The Man He Became: How FDR Defied Polio to Win the Presidency. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743265165.
  5. Rhodes James, Robert (1998). A Spirit Undaunted: The Political Role of George VI. London: Little, Brown, and Co. p. 98. ISBN 0-316-64765-9.
  6. Sharp, Keith (ed.). "Winston Churchill, Stutterer". University of Toronto. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  7. Dallek, Robert (December 2002). "The Medical Ordeals of JFK". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  8. Mandel, Lee R. (2009). "Endocrine and Autoimmune Aspects of the Health History of John F. Kennedy". Annals of Internal Medicine. 151 (151(5)): 350–354. doi:10.1059/0003-4819-151-5-200909010-00011. PMID 19721023.
  9. James Earl Jones. Interview with The American Academy of Achievement for the National Medal of Arts. The Voice of Triumph (Audio/Transcript). Sun Valley, Idaho. June 29, 1996. Archived September 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  10. "Movie Star Talks about Stuttering". Stuttering Foundation. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Trubo, Richard (2001). The New Book Of Knowledge – Health and Medicine. New York: Grolier. pp. 112–123. ISBN 0-7172-0608-4.
  12. Braunstein, M.D., Glenn D. (28 February 2011). "Understanding Stuttering". The Huffington Post. London. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  13. Brockes, Emma (April 11, 2009). "It's the gift that keeps on taking". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  14. Young, Scott (July 30, 1997). "Chapter 8: Buffalo Springfield and Epilepsy". Neil and Me. Music Sales Distributed. p. 68. ISBN 0-9529540-2-8.
  15. Gundersen, Edna (May 10, 2013). "Lil Wayne can't recall seizures: 'I don't feel sick'". USA Today. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  16. "Prince reveals childhood epilepsy". BBC News Entertainment. April 29, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  17. "Mind over matter: How Stephen Hawking defied Motor Neurone Disease for 50 years". November 26, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  18. Swaine, Rick. "Jim Abbott". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 12, 2016.