A pidgin is a simplified language. Pidgins usually develop because two groups of people need to talk to each other but do not speak the same language. Pidgins are not usually as complicated as many other languages.
Not all simple or "broken" forms of language are pidgins. Pidgins have rules which a person must learn to speak the pidgin well.
History of the word change
Pidgin comes from from a Chinese pronunciation of the English word business. All cases given in the third edition of the Oxford English Dictionary mean "business; an action, occupation, or affair" . The earliest reference is from 1807. The term pidgin English ("business English") is first used in 1855, for a language. By the 1860s, the term pidgin alone could refer to Pidgin English. In the late 19th century, the term was used for any simplified language.
- long time no see (=we have not seen each other for a long time) is from Chinese „好久不见“ (good– long– not– see).
- look-see is also from Chinese „看见“.
- Bakker, Peter (1994), "Pidgins", in Jacques Arends, Pidgins and Creoles: an introduction, John Benjamins
- Hymes, Dell (1971), Pidginization and creolization of languages, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-07833-4
- McWhorter, John (2002). The Power of Babel: the natural history of language. Random House Group. ISBN 0-06-052085-X.
- Sebba, Mark (1997). Contact languages: Pidgins and Creoles. MacMillan. ISBN 0-333-63024-6.
- Thomason, Sarah & Terrence Kaufman (1988), Language contact, creolization, and genetic linguistics (first ed.), Berkeley: University of California Press
- Todd, Loreto (1990), Pidgins and Creoles, Routledge, ISBN 0415053110
- See Todd (1990:3) harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFTodd1990 (help)
- See Kaufman & Thomason (1988:169) harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFKaufman_&_Thomason1988 (help)
- Bakker (1994:27) harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFBakker1994 (help)
- Bakker (1994:26) harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFBakker1994 (help)
- "pidgin, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, January 2018, www.oed.com/view/Entry/143533. Accessed 23 January 2018.
- Online Etymology Dictionary
- Crystal, David (1997), "Pidgin", The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (2nd ed.), Cambridge University Press