political actors making citizens "present" in public policy making processes
In politics, representation describes how political power is given from a large group for a certain time period in the hands of a comparatively small group of its members. Representation usually refers to representative democracies, where elected officials (called representatives) nominally speak for their electors in the legislature. Generally, only citizens have representation in the government in the form of voting rights. The term representation can be used in a number of different ways. Representation can be understood in terms of how legislators represent their constituents.
- Ulbig, Stacy G. (2005) "Political Realities and Political Trust: Descriptive Representation in Municipal Government". Southwestern Political Science Association Meeting. Retrieved from  Archived 2006-04-04 at the Wayback Machine on July 19, 2005.
- Breakdown of Federal Highway Spending, State by State Archived 2008-04-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Analysis of reapportionment after the 1990 US census Archived 2006-04-14 at the Wayback Machine, from an Arizona State University website