Pahari-Pothwari

group of western Punjabi dialects
(Redirected from Pothohari language)

Pahari-Pothwari is a Western Panjabi (Lahnda) variety of language, spoken in Pothohar Plateau in Pakistan and India.[1] It is known by different names, such as Pahari, Pothwari, Pothohari, Mirpuri.

Pahari-Pothwari
Potwari, Potowari
پوٹھوہاری
Native toPakistan, India
RegionPothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)
EthnicityPotohari people (Punjabi people)
Western Panjabi
Language codes
ISO 639-3phr (includes other dialects)
Glottologpaha1251  Pahari Potwari
mirp1238  Mirpur Panjabi

Sometimes these Northern Punjabic dialects along with Hindko dialect of Punjabi are submerged under the overall term Panjistani. It is a dialect of Western Punjabi.[2]

In Kashmir, speakers of Pahari-Pothwari are known as Pahari people.

Places change

Within Pakistan, it is spoken in the Pothohar Plateau and Azad Kashmir and overlaps between these two regions. It is influenced by Sanskrit owing to the numerals which are ik do tre in Pothwari as opposed to ik do tin in Punjabi or ek do teen in Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu).[3]:838 [4]:46

Numbers change

  1. ik
  2. do
  3. tre
  4. čar
  5. panj
  6. čae
  7. sat
  8. att
  9. nou
  10. das

References change

  1. Shackle, C. (November 1979). "Problems of Classification in Pakistan Panjab". Transactions of the Philological Society. 77 (1): 191–210. doi:10.1111/j.1467-968X.1979.tb00857.x. ISSN 0079-1636.
  2. "Punjabi University, Patiala". Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  3. Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
  4. Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)