Pranab Mukherjee

13th President of India

Pranab Mukherjee (11 December 1935[3] – 31 August 2020) was an Indian politician. He was the 13th President of India serving from 2012 through 2017. He was a member of the Indian National Congress.


Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee Portrait.jpg
13th President of India
In office
25 July 2012 – 25 July 2017
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Narendra Modi
Vice PresidentMohammad Hamid Ansari
Preceded byPratibha Patil
Succeeded byRam Nath Kovind
Minister of Finance
In office
24 January 2009 – 24 July 2012
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byManmohan Singh (Acting)
Succeeded byManmohan Singh (Acting)
In office
5 January 1982 – 31 December 1984
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Preceded byR. Venkataraman
Succeeded byV. P. Singh
Minister of Defence
In office
22 May 2004 – 26 October 2006
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byGeorge Fernandes
Succeeded byA. K. Antony
Minister of External Affairs
In office
24 October 2006 – 22 May 2009
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byManmohan Singh (Acting)
Succeeded byS. M. Krishna
In office
10 February 1995 – 16 May 1996
Prime MinisterP. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded byDinesh Singh
Succeeded bySikander Bakht
Leader of the Lok Sabha
In office
22 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded bySushilkumar Shinde
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
In office
24 June 1991 – 15 May 1996
Prime MinisterP. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded byMohan Dharia
Succeeded byMadhu Dandavate
Leader of the Rajya Sabha
In office
January 1980 – 31 December 1984
Preceded byK. C. Pant
Succeeded byV. P. Singh
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
10 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Preceded byAbul Hasnat Khan
Succeeded byAbhijit Mukherjee
ConstituencyJangipur
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
1 January 1969 – 1 February 2002
ConstituencyVarious
Personal details
Born(1935-12-11)11 December 1935
Mirati, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now West Bengal, India)
Died31 August 2020(2020-08-31) (aged 84)
New Delhi, Delhi, India
NationalityIndian
Political partyIndependent (2012–2020)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (1971–1986; 1989–2012)
Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (1986–1989)
Bangla Congress (1966–1971)
Spouse(s)
Suvra Mukherjee
(m. 1957; died 2015)
Children3 including,
Alma materUniversity of Calcutta (B.A., M.A., LL.B.)
AwardsBharat Ratna (2019)[1]
Padma Vibhushan (2008)
WebsiteOfficial website
Nickname(s)Pranab Da
Poltuda[2]

Political careerEdit

Mukherjee became President on 25 July 2012. He succeeded Pratibha Patil (served 2007–12), India’s first woman president.[4] Before Mukherjee became President, he had served as Foreign, Defence, Commerce and Finance Minister at different times in his political career. Mukherjee also served as a member of both Lok Sabha (twice) and Rajya Sabha (five times).[3]

In 2017, Mukherjee decided not to run for re-election and to retire from politics after leaving the presidency due to "health complications relating to old age".[5][6][7] He was replaced by Ram Nath Kovind on 25 July 2017.

LifeEdit

Mukherjee was born in the village of Mirati in Birbhum District of West Bengal.[3] Mukherjee’s father, Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee, was deeply involved in India’s struggle for independence from Great Britain in the first half of the 20th century.[8] Pranab was educated at the Suri Vidyasagar College (then affiliated with the University of Calcutta), and he later earned an advanced degree in history and political science as well as a law degree from the university. He was married to Suvra Mukherjee from 1957 until her death in 18 August 2015(aged 74)[9].

In early August 2020, Mukherjee was hospitalized in an army hospital after falling in his shower in New Delhi.[10][11] On 10 August, he was diagnosed with COVID-19.[12] He died on 31 August 2020, aged 84.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Bharat Ratna for Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh and Bhupen Hazarika". Times Now. 25 January 2019. Archived from the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  2. Partha Dasgupta (24 July 2012). "Pranab is still 'Poltuda' in his ancestral village of Mirati in West Bengal". indiatoday.in. India Today. Archived from the original on 1 September 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "The President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee". Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  4. "Pranab Mukherjee | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  5. Sachidananda Murthy (December 27, 2015). "And the next President is..." english.manoramaonline.com/home.html. Mahnorama Online. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  6. Presidential Election 2017: Pranab Mukherjee retires in July, this is how India elects its president
  7. Presidential Election 2017: Not in race for another term, says Pranab Mukherjee
  8. "Pranab Mukherjee | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  9. "President Pranab Mukherjee's wife Suvra Mukherjee dies at 74". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  10. Ghosh, Abantika (10 August 2020). "Former President Pranab Mukherjee critical after brain surgery to remove clot". ThePrint. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  11. "Pranab Mukherjee's health remains critical, still on ventilator support". India Today. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  12. "Former President Pranab Mukherjee Says He Has Tested Positive For COVID-19". NDTV. 10 August 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  13. "Pranab Mukherjee, ex-president and Congress veteran, dies in Delhi hospital". Hindustan Times. 31 August 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.

Other websitesEdit