Pranab Mukherjee (born 11 December 1935) is an Indian politician. He was the 13th President of India serving from 2012 through 2017. Mukherjee became President on 25 July 2012. Before Mukherjee became President, he had served as Foreign, Defence, Commerce and Finance Minister at different times in his political career. Mukherjee has also served as a member of both Lok Sabha (twice) and Rajya Sabha (five times).
In 2017, Mukherjee decided not to run for re-election and to retire from politics after leaving the presidency due to "health complications relating to old age". He was replaced by Ram Nath Kovind on 25 July 2017.
- "The President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee". Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Sachidananda Murthy (December 27, 2015). "And the next President is..." english.manoramaonline.com/home.html. Mahnorama Online. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- Presidential Election 2017: Pranab Mukherjee retires in July, this is how India elects its president
- Presidential Election 2017: Not in race for another term, says Pranab Mukherjee